It could be said that the ghetto mentality is still deeply embedded in the Israeli consciousness and, in the seventy years after the Warsaw Uprising of ’43, very little has changed to modify that mode of thinking.

Israel is hemmed in by various Arab states, none of whom seem inclined to cut the Jewish one much slack. Over the decades, all attempts by neighbouring countries to remove Israelis by force have proved unsuccessful and many have rebounded on those pursuing such tactics. But the process has not stopped and a number of new factors have since entered upon the scene.

The type of ghetto resistance that saw Jews actively engaging their oppressors in the 20th century may not be entirely best suited to that of the 21st.

There is now no clear demarcation between warfare conducted by physical means and that fought over the internet and in a whole host of media outlets across the planet.

It is important therefore to try reaching out to the wider world for assistance in areas where a more intangible battle is being waged.    And to do that may require a leap of faith in the sometimes fallible nature of fellow human beings.

But if this is not done, then the vast bulk of humanity will not find it easy to help Israelis, Palestinians, Arabs, Persians and whoever else in settling their differences and shaping a better future for us all.

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