This Parsha contains many laws that
determine an individual’s responsibility
for damages done to others
by himself or his property
and would seem to be “similar”
to other secular law systems
being used in the world
to maintain a just society.
But since these laws were divinely
ordained at Sinai, they contain
many elements which can not be
understood by rational jurisprudence
and thus require us to search
their spiritual applications
The Laws of Negligence
וְכִי יִגַּח שׁוֹר אֶת אִישׁ אוֹ אֶת אִשָּׁה וָמֵת
If a Bull gores to death a man or a woman
Only when a Bull gores three times
שור מועד Shor Mu-ad
is its owner completely responsible,
since the Bull is likely to continue
to be a danger.
Within our psyche we also have a Bull,
נפש הבהמית the animal soul
and if we sin three consecutive times
it becomes our dominating nature,
requiring an intensive Tsuvah –
deep repentance to correct.
The Vision of the 70 Elders
airbrushed acrylics on canvas 30″ x 30″ (76 x 76 cm)
They saw a vision of the
God of Israel and under His feet
something like a sapphire brick
like the essence of a clear blue sky.
לִבְנַת הַסַּפִּיר וּכְעֶצֶם הַשָּׁמַיִם לָטֹהַר
G-d’s “bricklaying” was in empathy
with suffering of the Jews in Egypt
who were forced to build the pyramids,
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