After living in the refugee shelters for several months, the Jews gradually became used to the life in Shanghai and began to take their roots in Shanghai. They can move freely in Shanghai and the local residents are very friendly to them. Gradually, the Jews began to move into the houses in Sanyicun Nongtang in Hongkou District, Shanghai, living in harmony under the one roof with the local residents.

Oil painting, The small Alley (Photo Credit: CC - BY Zhang Ping, Chinese Jewish Cultural Foundation)

Oil painting, The small Alley (Photo Credit: CC – BY Zhang Ping, Chinese Jewish Cultural Foundation)

An alley in Hongkew. Many of the refugees lived in such alleys. (Photo Credit: CC - BY Armbruester, Georg, Koehlstruck, Michael and Muehlberger, Sonjaed., Exil Shanghai 1938-1947, Juedisches Leben in der Emigration, Teetz, 2000)

An alley in Hongkew. Many of the refugees lived in such alleys. (Photo Credit: CC – BY Armbruester, Georg, Koehlstruck, Michael and Muehlberger, Sonjaed., Exil Shanghai 1938-1947, Juedisches Leben in der Emigration, Teetz, 2000)

Special thanks to Shanghai Jewish Refugees Museum for providing the sources of literature and photo on this topic. Further contact via email: postmaster@cjcf.org.cn‍.