Last weeks Times of Israel had an article reporting on Education Minister Naftali Bennett’s visit to a Solomon Schechter school in Manhattan. In the article, Ashkenazi Chief Rabbi David Lau, in referring to the Minister’s visit to a Conservative day school, was quoted as saying:
To recognize a path that distances Jews from the path of the Jewish people, this is forbidden.’
I wonder what the good rabbi would have to say about the visit of the world’s most preeminent Talmud scholar Rabbi Adin Steinsaltz to a Solomon Schechter school in Westchester, NY last year. I was privileged to be present at Rabbi Steinsaltz’s Shiur/presentation and he happily shared the light of Torah with a room of his Jewish brothers and sisters. Rabbi Steinsaltz, is a world-renowned teacher, philosopher, spiritual advisor, and prolific author, whose life’s work has been to make the Talmud and other Jewish texts accessible to all Jews.
I recently submitted my doctoral dissertation on the effect of the Birthright Mifgash on the Israeli soldier participants. One of my research questions involved quizzing the Israelis about their Israeli and Jewish identities. Time and time again in the interviews and surveys I conducted, the Israeli subjects placed an emphasis on serving the State of Israel over Jewish religious practice. Serving the State included the elements of living in Israel, speaking Hebrew and serving in the IDF.
One of the possible prime reasons for this phenomenon of disinterestedness and disconnectedness from religious ritual practice could be what amounts to a de facto detachment between the majority of the State of Israel’s Jewish population to its religious Jewish establishment. According to the soldiers I surveyed there was the tremendous antipathy they feel, as secular Zionist Israelis toward the State’s rabbinate. They view the rabbinate as a bastion of Ultra-Orthodox, non-Zionist, non-IDF serving “men in black,” who alienate the majority of their potential constituents by being both incredibly out of touch and openly antagonistic toward any lifestyle that does not respond to their own. As Daniel Gordis observed:
Israel’s rabbinate lives as if the rabbinic hegemony over Jewish communities continues unchanged from the Middle Ages, as if the Enlightenment and Emancipation had not yet arrived.”
There is hope against the creeping trend towards wholesale Jewish illiteracy in Israeli society. One of the important alternatives is the Tzohar rabbinical organisation. Tzohar is a movement founded by religious-Zionist IDF-serving rabbis who are more open to the needs of the general public, not just the religiously observant sectors. They call for new guidelines for managing the marriage, divorce and conversion processes in Israel. The rabbis who volunteer for Tzohar are inspired by the inclusivist philosophy of Rabbi A.I. Kook (the first Ashkenazi Chief Rabbi of pre-State Israel). To paraphrase Rabbi Kook, only when we learn what we have in common, and not what divides us, and share an unconditional love towards our fellow Jews then we will be worthy of complete redemption.
The purely righteous do not complain about evil, rather they add justice. They do not complain about heresy, rather they add faith. They do not complain about ignorance, rather they add wisdom.”
-Rabbi. A.I. Kook, Arpilei Tohar