The Universal Four Elements

There are four basic elements in the world:

  1. Water
  2. Fire
  3. Air
  4. Earth

Water corresponds to letter Mem, Fire to Shin, Air to Alef, the so-called three mother letters according to Sefer Yetzirah. Earth would be Alef too, being the first letter of Adamah אֲדָמָה.

Water represents the giver in that water binds all parts into forming a unity, e.g. dust can be unified into a lump by mixing with water;

Fire consumes and represents the receiver, fire breaks down unity and is antithesis to water that binds.

Air reconciles the dichotomy between fire and water and represents the intermediate. Fire can’t act with water except through air as the medium. At the simple level, the heat of the sun (fire) is transmitted to the water in the earth through the air, by which water evaporates and then precipitates back to the earth.

Earth is the end product, the remaining ashes when everything is consumed by fire.

Modern physics have now come to the realization of four fundamental forces in the universe, as follows:

  1. Strong force, that which holds nucleus together forming a unity;
  2. Electromagnetic force, that consists of like positive charges and repel each other, to counteract the unity formed by the strong force;
  3. Weak force, this is the intermediate force that reconcile the interaction between the strong force and the electromagnetic force;
  4. Gravity force, back to earth.

The four fundamental forces in the universe are essentially the same concept as the four elements, as follows:

  1. Thesis, the giver, be it water or strong force, the first letter Yud of YHVH;
  2. Antithesis, the receiver, be it fire or electromagnetic force, the second letter Hey of YHVH;
  3. Synthesis, the reconciliation of the dichotomy, be it air or weak force, the third letter Vav of YHVH;
  4. End product, be it earth or gravity, the fourth letter Hey of YHVH which is actually a repetition of the second letter Hey of YHVH, for fire and earth work as pair in that fire produces earth (ashes).

The Hebrew dust Afar עֲפַר and ashes Efer אֵפֶר are cognate, the relationship of vessel (Ayin) and light (Alef).

The Four Elements of Sacrifice

The sacrifice offering can also be analyzed by four elements, as follows:

  1. Sacrifice
  2. Fire
  3. Fragrance
  4. Altar

The sacrifice meat consists of roughly 75 percent water according to biology; and water bonds all the cells together to form a unity, the same concept as the strong force.

Water is stronger than fire, as water can distinguish fire, and were it not for the meat acting as the medium, the fire would have been distinguished by the amount of water placed on the altar.

Man by design is a receiver in relation to God as the giver, except in the case of sacrifice offering where man is given the opportunity to become a giver with God at the receiving end. This is the opportunity for man to emulate God as a giver.

When the sacrifice is consumed by the fire, the result is “a sweet savour unto the LORD”, רֵיחַ-נִיחוֹחַ לַיהוָה, which fragrance represents the intermediate that reconciles the dichotomy of fire and water. Re’ach רֵיחַ is cognate with Ruach רוּחַ, which means wind, i.e. air. This is air and the weak force.

The whole process takes place on the altar which is made of earth, corresponding to gravity.

While the physicists are yet to find a Grand Unified Theory (GUT) to unify the four fundamental forces in the universe, the secret for unification is none other than love, Ahavah אַהֲבָה, this is because the gematria of love is 13, exactly the same as Echad אֶחָד, meaning “oneness”, i.e. unification. When unification is achieved through love, this is when the name of God YHVH (26 = 13 + 13) is revealed.

In summary:

water strong force sacrifice wisdom Yud
fire electromagnetic force fire understanding Hey
air weak force fragrance 6 emotional attributes Vav
earth Gravity altar kingdom Hey

The Essence of Sacrifice

The purpose of offering sacrifice is that Israel can draw close to God, the Hebrew word close קָרַב is of the same root as sacrifice קָרְבָּן, Korban.

What’s implied is that Israel was distanced from God by her sin, and by repentance Israel can return to God, as “return” and “repentance” is of the same root in Hebrew, as it is written in Hosea 14:1:

Israel return unto שׁוּבָה, יִשְׂרָאֵל, עַד 928
YHVH your God יְ-הוָה אֱלֹהֶיךָ 92
For you have fallen by your iniquity כִּי כָשַׁלְתָּ, בַּעֲו ֹנֶךָ 928

It is significant that in above verse, the first three words “Israel return unto” have the same gematria 928 as the last three words “for you have fallen by your iniquity”, as wherever you have fallen, from where you shall return.

There are three types of sin in Torah, and by repentance all sins can be forgiven:

repentance תְּשׁוּבָה 713
unintentional sin – chet חֵטְא (18)
uncontrolled sin – avon עֲווֹן (132)
intentional sin – pasha פֶּשַׁע (450)

When the gematria of the three types sins are subtracted from the gematria of the repentance, the result is 113, and 113 is exactly the gematria of the “sacrifices of God” זִבְחֵי אֱלֹהִים, which sacrifice is actually repentance:

זִבְחֵי אֱלֹהִים, רוּחַ נִשְׁבָּרָה: לֵב-נִשְׁבָּר וְנִדְכֶּה– אֱלֹהִים, לֹא תִבְזֶה. The sacrifices of God are a broken spirit; a broken and a contrite heart, O God, Thou wilt not despise. (Psalm 51:19)

This is exactly what is meant in Hosea 14:1:

כִּי חֶסֶד חָפַצְתִּי, וְלֹא-זָבַח; וְדַעַת אֱלֹהִים, מֵעֹלוֹת For I desire mercy, and not sacrifice, and the knowledge of God rather than burnt-offerings. (Hosea 6:6)

Amazingly, the gematria of this verse above is 1856 which is 2 x 928, exactly the gematria of “Israel return unto” שׁוּבָה, יִשְׂרָאֵל, עַד and “For you have fallen by your iniquity” כִּי כָשַׁלְתָּ, בַּעֲו ֹנֶךָ.

For true repentance is in essence the sacrifice of God, and 928 is exactly the gematria of the four elements of sacrifice, as follows:

Sacrifice קָרְבָּן 352
Fire אֵשׁ 301
Fragrance רֵיחַ 218
Altar מִזְבַּח 57

The average number of the 4 elements is 928 / 4 = 232, which is the sum of the four primary spelling out of YHVH according to Kabbalah:

72 עב יוד הי ויו הי
63 סג יוד הי ואו הי
52 בן יוד הה וו הה
45 מה יוד הא ואו הא

The Unification of Names

The sacrifice offering is always made to YHVH, not Elohim, this is because the sacrifice offering represents the mercy of God (YHVH), instead of the judgment of God (Elohim).

The four primary spellings out of YHVH can be understood as follows:

Av עב has a gematria of 72, the gematria of Chesed חֶסֶד, this is water, corresponding to father אָב, as Alef and Ayin are light and vessel.

Sag סג has a gematria of 63, which is 3 times the ordinal number (21) of Shin ש, the fire.

Ban בן has a gematria of 52, the same gematria as the son בֵּן, this is the air.

Mah מה has a gematria of 45, the gematria of Adam אָדָם, who was made from the earth אֲדָמָה.

The sacrifice therefore represents the unification of the four elements and the four letters of YHVH, the four spellings out of YHVH, with the following correspondences:

Yud Water Love אַהֲבָה 13
Hey Fire Fear יִרְאָה 216
Vav Air Mercy רַחֲמִים 298
Hey Earth Peace שָׁלוֹם 376

The sacrifice (water) represents the love of God, the consuming fire represents the fear of God, when the sacrifice is consumed by fire, the resulting sweet savour to YHVH will arouse the mercy of God, which brings peace on earth between man and God.

The model above is also the prescribed the four stage of human history. God created the world and garden for Adam and Eve through love, followed by the fear of God after the sin. The rest of the story can be summarized as the mercy of God in administering redemption, with the ultimate end goal of bringing peace on earth.

Astonishingly, 903 is exactly the sum of the triangle number of Adam and Eve, as follows:

  Hebrew letter Gematria Triangle number
Adam א 1 1
ד 4 10
ם 40 820
Eve ח 8 36
ו 6 21
ה 5 15

According to the rabbis, the name YHVH is concealed from this world due to the current exile, which is only revealed as Adonai.

The spelling out of Adonai has a gematria of 671, as follows:

Adonai אֲדֹנָי
671 אלף דלת נון יוד

When Adonai (671) is unified with the four primary spelling out of YHVH (232):

232 + 671 = 903

903 = 7 x 129, 7 is the number of completion, and 129 is the “atbash” of Yeshua, as follows:

  ע ו ש י Yeshua
129 ז פ ב מ “atbash”

According to Matthew, Yeshua is the 42nd generation from Abraham, and the triangle number of 42 is exactly 903.

The Burning Love

The commandment is for the fire to be kept burning upon the altar continually:

אֵשׁ תָּמִיד תּוּקַד עַל-הַמִּזְבֵּחַ–לֹא תִכְבֶּה Fire shall be kept burning upon the altar

continually; it shall not go out (Lev 6:6)

The gematria of above verse is 1885, the burnt offering עוֹלָהwhen spelled out as עין ויו למד הי has a gematria of 241. When the burnt offering is consumed by the fire: 1885 – 241 = 1644.

Once sacrifice is consumed by fire, the fear of God is transformed into the love of God. To keep the fire burning continually is to love God with all your heart, all your soul and all your might:

וְאָהַבְתָּ, אֵת יְהוָה אֱלֹהֶיךָ, בְּכָל-לְבָבְךָ וּבְכָל-נַפְשְׁךָ, וּבְכָל-מְאֹדֶךָ.


And thou shalt love the LORD thy God

with all thy heart, and with all thy soul,

and with all thy might. (Deu 6:5)

Amazingly, the gematria of this verse is also 1644.

The “calling of Moses” in last week’s Parashah has a small Alef. It follows that her pair must be the verse with an enlarged Ayin, which is the Shema:

שְׁמַע יִשְׂרָאֵל יְהוָה אֱלֹהֵינוּ יְהוָה אֶחָד Hear, O Israel: the LORD our God, the

LORD is one. (Deu 6:4)

If we are to pair the small Alef with the big Ayin, the gematria is also 1644:

Small Alef And he called Moses…(Lev 1:1) וַיִּקְרָא, אֶל-מֹשֶׁה 693
Enlarged Ayin Hear O Israel…(Deu 6:4) שְׁמַע יִשְׂרָאֵל 951

The calling of Moses at the beginning of Vayikra to offer sacrifice has a small Alef; the calling of Israel to love God is has an enlarged Ayin, the light (Alef) must be contained in the vessel (Ayin).

The love of God is manifested at three levels:

  1. Your might – מְאֹדֶךָ;
  2. Your heart – לְבָבְךָ;
  3. Your soul – נַפְשְׁךָ;

Astonishingly, 1644 is exactly the gematria of Love אַהֲבָה revealed at three levels (spelling out), as follows:

1st level 13 אַהֲבָה
2nd level 535 אלף הא בית הא
3rd level 1096 אלף הה בית הה אלף הי בית הי

The Concealed Love

The 4 elements of sacrifice would engender 4 levels of love, but only 3 levels of love are revealed in Torah which would correspond to 3 levels of soul.

Your soul נַפְשְׁךָ is Nefesh as they are the same word, your heart לְבָבְךָ is Ruach for Ruach corresponds to heart, this is well established by the rabbis, but your might מְאֹדֶךָ literally means “very much”, and it would be a stretch to parallel Me’od מְאֹד with Neshamah. Rashi interpreted this word as “your possession” but again this is not the simple meaning of the word.

The missing level is revealed in Mark 12:30, which explicitly mentions “mind”, i.e. Neshamah:

וְאָהַבְתָּ אֵת יְהוֹה אֱלׂהֶיךָ בְּכָל־לְבָבְךָ וּבְכָל־נַפְשְׁךָ וּבְכָל־מַדָּעֲךָ וּבְכָל־מְאׂדֶךָ Love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your strength and with all your mind”…

The parallel is now established:

Soul is Nefesh, this is fire, for Nefesh is in the blood (Lev 17:11) and blood is hot, this is desire;

Mind is Neshamah, this is water, for mind is cold by nature and water is cold;

Heart is Ruach, this is air, for the air in the lungs cool off the blood in the heart but warm up the coldness in the brain, acting as the intermediate between fire and water;

It follows that the so-called “strength” or “mind” מְאֹד corresponds to the earth, for the three letters can be rearranged to spell Adam אָדָם, which is made from Adamah אֲדָמָה. In light of the three levels of soul, Adam would mean the body, which fits into Rashi’s “possession”, as one’s body is one’s most valuable possession.

The gematria:

With all your mind Neshamah נְשָׁמָה 395
With all your heart Ruach רוּחַ 214
With all your soul Nefesh נֶפֶשׁ 430
With all your might Body גוּף 89

The average number is 1128 / 4 = 282, which is exactly the gematria of “it shall burn” יִבְעַר, i.e. the burning fire of love.

The gematria of the four levels of love is 929, which is exactly the gematria of the 4 elements of sacrifice (928) plus 1, i.e. the grand unification of the 4 elements in love:

with all our heart בְּכָל-לְבָבְךָ 106
And with all your soul וּבְכָל-נַפְשְׁךָ 508
And with all your mind וּבְכָל-מַדָּעֲךָ 192
And with all your might וּבְכָל-מְאֹדֶךָ 123