Born in Brooklyn New York. Attended Brooklyn College, Studied Medicine at the University of St. Andrews in Scotland. Did post-graduate training in Scotland, Rambam Hospital, Boston University Hospital, Montreal's Royal Victoria Hospital, Hadassah and Shaare Zekek Hospitals and Mt. Sinai Hospital in Toronto. Was VP Medicine and Head of Geriatrics at Toronto's Baycrest Geriatric Centre and Head of Geriatrics at Mt. Sinai Hospital. Currently retired from clinical practice. Published writer of books and enumerable articles. Currently Emeritus Professor at University of Toronto.