Ben Rothke

Book review — The Legends of Rabbah Bar Bar Hannah

When you take of the most enigmatic aggadic pieces in the Talmud, and attempt to use the commentary of one of the most esoteric commentators of the last 150 years, the likely outcome would be expected to have the readability of Finnegans Wake, rather than a meaningful exploratory book.

The aggadic piece described here is the sea travel stories of Rabba bar bar Chana as detailed in tractate Bava Basra. The goal of the 15 stories are meant to strengthen ones faith. The challenging endeavor though is making sense of these 15 tales, given they are written in codified and cryptic style. A simple reading of the texts leaves the message in an utterly incomprehensible manner, given the cast of characters include huge sea creatures, travelling Rabbis, Bedouin guides, giant geese and more.

There is a commentary on these stories by Rav Avraham Yitzchak Kook. But many who attempt to read the writings of Rav Kook find them to be a significant challenge to understand. From his often impenetrable writing style, to the inherent deepness of the subject matter, reading Rav Kook is a challenge for many people.

But in The Legends of Rabbah Bar Bar Hannah with the Commentary of Rabbi Abraham Isaac Hakohen Kook (Kodesh Press 978-1947857117) Rabbi Bezalel Naor has masterfully taken Rav Kook’s commentary and made it readable and comprehensible to the English reading audience.

While written in the year 1890 when Rav Kook was but 25 years old, his commentary to this aggadic piece was only printed in 1984 in the second volume of his collected essays Ma’amrei ha-Rayah. To that, Naor is perhaps one of the greatest living experts and expounders on the thoughts and writings of Rav Kook.

Rav Kook wrote a running commentary on the Rabba bar bar Chana aggadahs and Naor has succeeded in making these stories accessible. As every element of these 15 stories contain significant amounts of symbolism, Naor explains all of these symbols in detail. After reading the explanations, the stories are no longer esoteric, as he has explained all of the metaphors, double meanings, specific word choices and much more.

As Naor has mastery in entire lifework of Rav Kook, he is also able to add additional commentary where relevant. Perhaps the most fascinating insight he brings is that Rav Kook composed a poem concerning Earth’s revolution around the sun. The poem traces the successive stages in the evolving consciousness of Earth’s inhabitants, from primitive man who engages in the worship of the sun, to the Copernican revolution, whereby man discovers that rather than stationary, the Earth revolves around the Sun. To the gradual, inexorable development of a global consciousness and finally, to future man who will venture beyond the Earth to outer space.

The book concludes with a number of appendixes on different topics, including a Kabalistic theory of personality, an analysis if Rabbi Moshe Chaim Luzzatto was the real author of Kala’ch Piskhe Hokhma, Rav Kook’s ideas about the Messiah and the Vatican, and more.

Naor has succeeded where few have, in opening up these esoteric texts to everyone. His translation results in The Legends of Rabbah Bar Bar Hannah making for a most fascinating and meaningful read.

About the Author
I’m a senior information security and risk management professional, based in New York City. I speak at industry conferences, and write on information security, social media, privacy and technology. My book reviews are on information security, privacy, technology, and risk management. My reviews for the Times of Israel focus on Judaism, Talmud, religion and philosophy.
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