Who are the Crypto-Jews and what is the Jewish morality?
Most of the Jews who have left the Jewish Nation over last two and a half millenniums may be called the Crypto-Jews although this name was first used to describe such Jews in 15th century in Spain. The Crypto-Jews stopped praying in synagogues and obeying to rabbis but continued to secretly adhere to the Jewish religious rituals.
The Jewish morality is the Torah-guided directions on how to define what is Good in relations among the humans and should be supported, and what is Bad and should be suppressed. The Torah-guided morality directions are codified in the Ten Commandments and their numerous derivatives in the Torah.
The most important in the life of Crypto-Jews was that, together with secretly adhering to the Jewish religious rituals, they were openly advancing the Torah-guided public morality in all spheres of public life. Most of them were injecting the Jewish morality in the public life by the public actions.
In my recent paper “Is there One Jewish Nation, or that is just a mirage?” I have described a good probability of the assumption that 9 out of 10 people who have been born to the Jewish families are leaving the Jewish Nation and are becoming the members of other nations helping the other nations, rather unconsciously on a sort of genetic level, in moving toward Judeo-Christian morality of the life.
This paper provides more information on the topic to think about.
Jews who converted in Spain in the 14th and 15th centuries were commonly called conversos or crypto-Jews. However, crypto-Judaism existed also in earlier periods, whenever Jews were forced or pressured to convert to the majority religion by the rulers of places where they resided.
Crypto-Jews persisted in Russia and Eastern European countries influenced by the Soviet Union after the rise of Communism with the Russian revolution of 1917. The government, which included secular Communist Jews, did not force Jews to convert to the Russian Orthodox Church, but regarded practice of any religion as undesirable.
The “Belmonte Jews,” dating from the 12th century in Portugal, maintained strong secret traditions for centuries. A whole community survived in secrecy by maintaining a tradition of endogamous marriage and hiding all external signs of their faith.
The “Clermont-Ferrand Jews” represented one of the earliest conversions happened a century after the Fall of Rome. After a member of the Jewish community in Clermont-Ferrand became a Jewish Christian and was persecuted by other members of the community for doing so, the cavalcade in which he was marching persecuted his persecutors in turn.
Numerous conversos joined Spanish and Portuguese expeditions, believing there was economic opportunity in the new lands, and that they would have more freedom at a distance far from Iberia. Peru, Colombia, Mexico were most prominent places for the Crypto-Jews.
Because of the hidden nature of their lives, the identities of some historical Crypto-Jews can only be guessed at by scholars. Below are some examples.
Cristopher Columbus, as one of the best world discoverers, had discovered and presented to the people the new extents of the God’s world – the Jewish morality encourages the discovery of the God’s world.
Baruch Spinoza, as one of the best world philosophers, had developed a new way of intellectual Judeo-Christian reasoning to advance the public morality outside the official religious walls – the Jewish morality supports the individual intellectual thinking since we are created not as a uniformed crowd obeying a ruler but as the community of unique individuals.
Miguel de Cervantes, as of the best world writers, had shown to the world that people may act moral even if their moral actions are harmful to them personally – all Jewish sages were of this moral nature.
Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, as President of Turkey, had demonstrated that even a rigid religious country, as was the Ottoman Empire, may become a normal democratic one – the Jewish morality encourages the uplifting of everybody.
Aaron Jean-Marie Lustiger, as a French cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church, had moved the Christian morality much closer to the Jewish morality (with the help of Pope John Paul II).
Franco in Spain, as President of Spain, had demonstrated that it is possible to resist an almighty human super-dictator (he resisted to the demand of Hitler to exterminate the Jews) with a strong Bible-guided morality.
Lenin in Russia, as Ruler of Russia, and Fidel Castro, as Ruler of Cuba, had demonstrated what is contrary to the Jewish morality as the lesson for the others.