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Martin Luther King, Monsey and 17D

On a flight to Israel, offended by a request to switch seats just because she is a woman

Two weeks ago, I flew to Israel via United Airlines to spend a week with my daughters, son-in-law and granddaughters. I have been going back and forth from my homes in the United States to my home in Jerusalem for more than twenty-five years, but this was my first stay where my primary role was Grammy of two, rather than artist/activist.

As a result of my daughter’s schedule, early morning Rosh Hodesh Shevat found me home babysitting, rather than leading Hallel for the Women of the Wall at the Western Wall. Yet, I still found myself playing the artist/activist role, not in the elevated sacred space of the Kotel but literally high up in the air. On both United flights to and from the modern democratic Jewish State of Israel, I faced overt gender discrimination by black-hatted men whose “religious laws” forbid them to sit next to me.

In other words, rather than deal with the difficult political truth of discrimination based on gender at the Kotel, I encountered it, in front of Blacks, Whites, Browns, Men, Women, Jews, Christians, Muslims, Straights, Gays (and other protected classes) on United Flight #84 and United Flight #91.

In the spirit of Martin Luther King Day and with the conviction that confronting difficult truths, discussing them and supporting social change as new truths are discovered is my mission, I express my concern over these overt acts of gender discrimination in the name of Judaism.

Upon agreeing to swap an aisle for aisle seat on my trip to Israel, the leader of this very large group of ultra-Orthodox men from Monsey, New York, proceeded to engage me in conversation about what had just occurred. As a very well-educated Jewish woman, I assured him that I knew all about his laws of shomer negiah. My daughters have opted to live by a lot of these rules grounded in talmudic patriarchal understandings of gender roles and behaviors, so I am quite familiar with the fundamental tenets.

Only, I fundamentally disagree with those fundamentals.

The Sacred Rights, Sacred Song Project is expressly focused on ensuring that such interpretations of Jewish law be cast aside in the public sphere that is known as the modern democratic Jewish State of Israel. One of the main reasons it is so difficult for Israeli political leadership to make such changes is that Israel’s parliamentary democracy over-empowers small groups, such as the ultra-Orthodox political parties. Consequently, ultra-Orthodox practitioners of our Jewish faith assert their over-empowerment in the wrong places, such as on United Airlines flights to Israel.

As I reluctantly and vocally agreed to change my seat from 17C to 17D, I made it known to all around me, no matter the color of their hats, their skin, no matter their belief in one G-d, a Trinity or some other form of Divine Being, no matter who they love or what they hold dear, that I was deeply offended by the fundamental belief that it was wrong for a man to sit next to me.

As is my way when I am upset, I turned to words in the immediate aftermath of my humiliation. “17D” is being set to music and will become part of “Sacred Rights, Sacred Song” — A Concert of Concern. This piece will give voice to the institutionalized degradation that exists when a fundamentalist ultra-Orthodox interpretation of Jewish law is imposed on the public, whether in the State of Israel, the United States or on United Flight #84.


These laws have no place on this plane,
but try to explain that to a man in black,
who looks at me and is taken aback
because he is assigned to 17B and that means he is next to me.

The grave concern upon his face
reflects his view of a woman’s place.
Sorry, sir, I disagree, but still I moved to 17D.

So the men from Monsey got their way,
but not before this woman had her say.
In the Divine Image, our G-d made me,
but still I moved to 17D.

Francine M. Gordon is an artist/activist who maintains homes in New York, Cleveland and Jerusalem. Since November 2010, through The Sacred Rights, Sacred Song Project, she has produced nine Concerts of Concern in the US and Israel. 2016 promises to be an active year as Ms. Gordon campaigns against unjust and immoral civil behaviors in the name of “Jewish Law.” More information about The Sacred Rights, Sacred Song Project can be found at

About the Author
Francine M. Gordon is an artist/activist who maintains homes in New York and Cleveland. From November 2010 through November 2016, through The Sacred Rights, Sacred Song Project, she produced over 10 Concerts of Concern in the US and Israel. Since establishing her New York residence, Ms. Gordon has become a member of the New York Federation’s Israeli Judaism committee which focuses on exactly the same issues as SRSS. In addition, she has become a proud member of the Zamir Chorale which allows her to express her Zionism through song.