Tuvia Book
Tuvia Book
Author, educator, Tour-Guide, artist

The Begin Doctrine, the IDF and Yom Hashoah

This coming week the State of Israel commemorates Yom Hashoah Ugevurah (“Holocaust and Heroes Memorial Day”). This marks the first of four special commemoration/celebration days in the Zionist calendar.   Less than a week later Israel marks Yom Hazikaron (whose full name is “Day of Remembrance for the Fallen Soldiers of Israel and Victims of Terrorism”) and then celebrates Yom Haazmaut (Independence Day).

One of the motivating factors to serve in the elite units of the IDF was clearly explained by Ofer Feniger (1943-1967). Feniger who was also an artist, teacher, and poet, served in the IDF as an officer in a Paratrooper reserve unit during the Six Day War where he lost his life at the age of 24 during the fierce battle of Ammunition Hill.

A book, “The Word Lived Within Me” published posthumously includes his art and a series of letters that he wrote over a period of years to Yael, who became his wife, describing his motivation, feelings and experiences. He sent this letter on January 21, 1963 to Yael during his compulsory military service in a paratrooper reconnaissance unit after visiting the Holocaust Museum in Kibbutz Lochamei Hagetaot (following the Eichmann trial). His conclusions were unambiguous:


I’m writing this to you because there’s no other person in the world I can tell what’s happening inside me right now… Whenever I attend our gatherings commemorating the Holocaust, I look into the eyes of those who were there and are now with us, and I see the terrible helplessness there.

From amidst all the horror and helplessness I feel a tremendous force surging up within me to be strong; strong to the point of tears; strong and sharp as a knife; calm and terrible. That’s what I want to be like. I want to know that those cavernous eyes will never again stare from behind electrified fences! For this I need to be strong! If we are all strong! Strong, proud Jews! Jews will never again be led to the slaughter!
…we simply have to overcome everything.


This need, expressed by Feniger to be strong and serve in elite units to (over) compensate for the helplessness and powerlessness of the majority of Jews during the Holocaust period is a recurring theme that arises when I question the motivation of the soldiers on my Birthright trips to serve in elite unit. On one of my past Birthright trips at Yad Vashem one of the Israeli soldiers, Dor, a sniper in an elite combat unit, told the group that during his high school trip to Poland he made a decision to serve in a combat unit to ensure the safety of the Jews in Israel and worldwide.

This level of motivation, inspired by the “Never Again!” motto of the post-Holocaust generations continues to be a large factor in the Israeli consciousness.   Daniel Gordis wrote that Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin ordered the bombing of the Osirak nuclear reactor in Iraq in 1981 to prevent a potential second Holocaust.

Begin was deeply scarred by his family’s experience in the Shoah, as the late Yehudah Avner eloquently stated, “the pall of the Holocaust clung to Menachem Begin like a shroud” (p.546, The Prime Ministers). The Nazis murdered both of his parents, his brother, and young cousins. He was spared from a similar fate only because he was deported to Siberia by the Soviets. Begin saw the State of Israel as the living proof that there will never be a second Holocaust as long as there is a strong Israel. He declared,

Let the world know that under no circumstances will Israel ever allow an enemy to develop weapons of mass destruction against our people. If such a threat reoccurs we shall take whatever preemptive measures are necessary to defend the citizens of Israel with all the means at our disposal.”

This became known as the “Begin Doctrine” and is still very much part of the State of Israel’s raison d’etre.  This is why whenever the Hizbollah terrorists try to move advanced weaponry into Lebanon the IAF intervenes to prevent this, as it would be a clear and present danger to our Jewish State.  We are privileged to live in a time where we Jews are in charge of our own destiny in our own land and “Never again” means never again!

About the Author
Dr. Tuvia Book was born in London and raised in both the UK and South Africa. After making Aliya at the age of 17 and studying in Yeshiva he volunteered for the IDF, where he served in an elite combat unit. Upon his discharge he completed his BA at Bar-Ilan University, as well as certification in graphic design. He then served as the Information Officer at the Israeli Consulate of Philadelphia, while earning a graduate degree in Jewish Studies. Upon his return to Israel, Dr. Book graduated from a course of study with the Israeli Ministry of Tourism, and is a licensed tour guide. Tuvia has been working in the field of Jewish Education, both formal and informal, for many years. He has guided and taught Jewish students and educators from around the English-speaking world for some of Israel’s premier educational institutions and programs. Tuvia has been guiding groups for Birthright Israel since its inception and, in addition, has lectured throughout North America, Australia, Europe and South Africa. Tuvia served as a Shaliach (emissary) for the Jewish Agency for Israel as the Director of Israel and Zionist Education at the Board of Jewish Education of Greater New York (Jewish Education Project). He was a lecturer/educational guide at the Alexander Muss Institute for Israel Education (AMIIE) in Israel for a decade. Tuvia has lectured at both Bar Ilan University and Hebrew University. He is a Senior Editor and Teaching Fellow at the Tikvah Fund. Tuvia is the author and illustrator the internationally acclaimed Israel education curriculum; "For the Sake of Zion; A Curriculum of Israel Studies" (Fifth edition, Koren 2017), and "Moral Dilemmas of the Modern Israeli Soldier" (Rama, 2011) and has a doctorate in Israel Education. His latest book, "Jewish Journeys, The Second Temple Period to the Bar Kokhba Revolt – 536 BCE-136 CE," will be published by Koren this year.
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