The ‘Final Solution’ reaches Shanghai

Even if the Jewish had fled thousands of miles away, the Far East, it was never so easy for the Nazi to let them off. In July 1942 when the war had swept all over the world, the crazy Nazi spared no efforts to exterminate the Jewish in Shanghai. They ordered Meisinger, the Japan-based Gestapo Chief Delegate, to come to Shanghai to urge the China-based Japanese senior official He Wu to implement the “Shanghai Final Solution Scheme”, a slaughtering plan aiming at the Jewish. For the sake of its own interests, the then Japanese militarists didn’t completely accept the cruel requirements of the German Nazi; however, to cater to the German, they still oppressed the Jewish mercilessly.

Oil painting, Final Solution (Photo Credit: CC - BY Zhang Ping, Chinese Jewish Cultural Foundation)
Oil painting, Final Solution (Photo Credit: CC – BY Zhang Ping, Chinese Jewish Cultural Foundation)
Colonel Josef Meisinger, chief representative of the Nazi Gestapo to Japan. He proposed the plan "Final Solution in Shanghai" to Japanese occupation authorities in July 1942 (Photo Credit: CC - BY Tokayer, Marvin and Swartz, Mary, The Fugu Plan: The Untold Story of the Japanese and Jews during World War II, New York, London, 2004)
Colonel Josef Meisinger, chief representative of the Nazi Gestapo to Japan. He proposed the plan “Final Solution in Shanghai” to Japanese occupation authorities in July 1942 (Photo Credit: CC – BY Tokayer, Marvin and Swartz, Mary, The Fugu Plan: The Untold Story of the Japanese and Jews during World War II, New York, London, 2004)
On February 18, 1943, the Japanese authorities proclaimed the "Designated Area for Stateless Refugees", ordering all refugees who had arrived in Shanghai from Europe since 1937 to move into the area within a month (Photo Credit: CC -BY Shanghai Jewish Refugees Museum)
On February 18, 1943, the Japanese authorities proclaimed the “Designated Area for Stateless Refugees”, ordering all refugees who had arrived in Shanghai from Europe since 1937 to move into the area within a month (Photo Credit: CC -BY Shanghai Jewish Refugees Museum)

Special thanks to Shanghai Jewish Refugees Museum for providing the sources of literature and photo on this topic. Further contact with Chinese Jewish Cultural Foundation (CJCF) via email:postmaster@cjcf.org.cn‍.

About the Author
Xinyao Chen served as founder assistant of Chinese Jewish Cultural Foundation (CJCF). In 2013, he started his M.A. studies in Nonprofit Management at the Rothberg International School of Hebrew University.
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