What is happening in Sudan is a complex situation that involves a number of different factors. In brief, there have been peaceful protests taking place in Sudan since December 2018, initiated by citizens who were frustrated with economic hardship and the rising cost of living. Over time, the protests expanded to include calls for greater political reform and a change in government.
In April 2019, President Omar al-Bashir, who had ruled the country for three decades, was removed from power in a military coup. However, protesters were unhappy with the military leadership that took over, and continued to demand a civilian-led transitional government. In August 2019, after several months of negotiations between the military and civilian groups, a power-sharing agreement was signed, establishing a joint civilian-military sovereign council that is to rule the country for a three-year transitional period leading up to democratic elections.
However, tensions and disagreements between the civilian and military factions have continued, and there have been concerns about the slow pace of reform and continued economic struggles. In October 2021, a military coup led by General Abdel Fattah al-Burhan dissolved the transitional government and placed top civilian and political leaders under arrest. The move has been met with widespread protests and condemnations from the international community.
The situation in Sudan is ongoing and complex, with many different actors and interests at play. The people of Sudan continue to demand greater political reform and democratic governance, and it remains to be seen how this situation will unfold in the coming days and weeks.