Dafei Tang
Dafei Tang

Yitro – secret of Shabbat

Shabbat שַּׁבָּת can be split into Shin ש + Bath בָּת, meaning the daughter of Shin, where Shin is the gematria of YHVH in “atbash” מצפץ, hence Shabbat is the daughter of God in relation to Israel is the firstborn of God (Ex 4:22).

וְשָׁמְרוּ בְנֵי-יִשְׂרָאֵל, אֶת-הַשַּׁבָּת The children of Israel shall keep the Shabbat…(Ex 31:16)


According to the rabbis, the last four words can mean “the Children of Israel with the Shabbat”, and the four initial letters spell בִּיאָה, meaning: coming, which is a rabbinical idiom for marital union, for Shabbat is called the bride.

בֵּינִי, וּבֵין בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל–אוֹת הִוא It is a sign between me and the children of Israel…(Ex 31:17)


Again in above verse, the same word בִּיאָה can be derived from the last four words, but the relation is between God and the Children of Israel.

For this reason, Shabbat is called “delight”:

אִם-תָּשִׁיב מִשַּׁבָּת רַגְלֶךָ, עֲשׂוֹת חֲפָצֶךָ בְּיוֹם קָדְשִׁי; וְקָרָאתָ לַשַּׁבָּת עֹנֶג, לִקְדוֹשׁ יְהוָה מְכֻבָּד, וְכִבַּדְתּוֹ מֵעֲשׂוֹת דְּרָכֶיךָ, מִמְּצוֹא חֶפְצְךָ וְדַבֵּר דָּבָר If thou turn away thy foot because of the sabbath, from pursuing thy business on My holy day; and call the sabbath a delight, and the holy of the LORD honourable; and shalt honour it, not doing thy wonted ways, nor pursuing thy business, nor speaking thereof。(Isaiah 58:3)


“Delight” עֹנֶג(Oneg) in gematria is 123, when “delight” is multiplied by “love” אַהֲבָה which in gematria is 13, the product is 1599, exactly the gematria of the following verse:

רְאֵה חַיִּים עִם-אִשָּׁה אֲשֶׁר-אָהַבְתָּ Enjoy life with the wife whom thou lovest (Eccl 9:9)


The essence of the six days of work is “separation”, and the essence of the seventh day is “oneness”, which is concluded with Havdalah (separation) to usher in the six days.

According to the Kabbalists, the process of procreation has four critical moments, each corresponding to the four worlds, three garments, and five levels of soul, as follows:

Four worlds Four moments Three garments Five levels of soul
Atzilut – Emanation Marital union (Nakedness) Chayah + Yechidah
Beriah – Creation Conception Thought Neshamah
Yetzirah – Formation Formation Speech Ruach
Asiyah – Action Birth Action Nefesh

To explain: the marital union can only be conducted without garments, which is the closest state wife can be united with husband, paralleling to the world of Atzilut where the soul is at the closest union with God. At the moment of conception the soul acquires the faculty of thought, paralleling the world of Creation which is the domain of the Neshamah; at the moment of formation which is about 11 weeks into pregnancy, the vital organs of the fetus are developed including the lung for the faculty of speech, paralleling the world of Formation; and finally at moment of delivery, the new-born is ready to act in the physical world, paralleling the world of Action.

When Adam saw Eve the first time, he said: “this is the bone of my bones and flesh of my flesh” (Gen 2:23), the gematria is the same as Shabbat:

bone + flesh עֶצֶם + בָּשָׂר 702
Shabbat שָׁבַת 702

It follows that Eve is the Shabbat of Adam to rest, and woman is intimately connected with number seven such as the menstrual cycle which is 4 x 7 days, the ovulation is midway (2 x 7) through the menstrual cycle, and the pregnancy which is 40 x 7 days.


The rabbinical term “Coming of Mashiach” בִּיאַת הַמָּשִׁיחַ has the same connation of marital union, in that Mashiach is the bridegroom, and the Children of Israel is the bride, and Shabbat is the time of union in the Messianic age, which is the 7th millennium.

When Shabbat is spelled out, the gematria is 1178, which is the same gematria of the following concepts:

Shabbat שָׁבַתspelled out שין בית תו 1178
YHVH + Israel + Torah יְהוָה + יִשְׂרָאֵל + תּוֹרָה 1178
Lights to Israel אֹרוֹת לְיִשְׂרָאֵל 1178
Letters of the intellect אוֹתִיּוֹת הַשֵׂכֶל 1178

To explain: Israel at the collective level is the bride which is also called the body, in relation to Mashiach being the bridegroom which is also called the head, the union is called a new man.

Shabbat is light, and the gematria of light אוֹר is 207, being the mirror image of 702, the gematria of Shabbat שָׁבַת. Husband is the direct light, wife is the reflected light, and the fruit of the union is the new light. YHVH is the direct light, Israel is the reflected light, and Torah is the new light.

The sum of light and Shabbat is 207 + 702 = 909, and the midpoint from 1 to 909 is 455, which is exactly the gematria of “on the seventh day” בַּיּוֹם הַשְּׁבִיעִי, this comes to teach us that the union between light and Shabbat is on the seventh day.

The light is the light of Mashiach, adding to Shabbat the bride, the sum is exactly the gematria of the union of Adam and Eve:

Light of Mashiach, Shabbat אוֹר מָּשִׁיחַ שָׁבַת 1267
And Adam knew Eve his wife (Gen 4:1) וְהָאָדָם, יָדַע אֶת-חַוָּה אִשְׁתּוֹ 1267

1267 = 7 x 181, where 7 symbolizes Shabbat, and 181 is the gematria of “I will be with you” כִּי-אֶהְיֶה עִמָּךְ (Ex 3:12), of which “I will be”  אֶהְיֶהis the name of God Ehyeh, which is called: אֶהְיֶה אֲשֶׁר אֶהְיֶה, I am that I am , the gematria is 543, which is 3 x 181.

The gematria of “Days of Mashiach” יְמוֹת הַמָּשִׁיחַ is 819, which is the pyramidal number of 13, meaning the integer of 1 to 13 each squared:

1*1 + 2*2 + 3*3 + 4*4 + 5*5 + 6*6 + 7*7 + 8*8 + 9*9 + 10*10 + 11*11 + 12*12 + 13*13 = 819

13 is masculine relative to 7 is feminine, when the pyramidal number of 13 symbolizes the days of Mashiach, it follows that the pyramidal number of 7 would symbolize the bride.

Astonishingly, the pyramidal number of 7 is 140, which is exactly the gematria of קְהִלָּה, Kehilah, meaning congregation:

1*1 + 2*2 + 3*3 + 4*4 + 5*5 + 6*6 + 7*7 = 140

The difference in gematria is 819 – 140 = 679, which is exactly the gematria of Yeshu the Mashiach יֵשׁוּ הַמָּשִׁיחַ:

Yeshu the Mashiach + Congregation יֵשׁוּ הַמָּשִׁיחַ + קְהִלָּה 819
Days of Mashiach יְמוֹת הַמָּשִׁיחַ 819

The plural form of congregation is קְּהִלּוֹת, Kehilot, which in gematria is 541, exactly the same of Israel, יִשְׂרָאֵל, representing the union of all congregations into one body, in the Days of Mashiach which is the Messianic Age. For this reason, Mashiach is called the Lord of Shabbat (Mat 12:8), which in Hebrew is Adon Shabbat  אֲדוֹן שַּׁבָּת, the gematria is 763, exactly the gematria of Day of Shabbat יוֹם הַשַּׁבָּת, of which Adon is the bridegroom and Shabbat is the bride whose union takes place on the Day of Shabbat, their gematria in “oneness” אֶחָד is exactly the same of “Coming of Mashiach”, as follows:

Lord and Shabbat is one אֲדוֹן שַּׁבָּת אֶחָד 776
Coming of Mashiach בִּיאַת הַמָּשִׁיחַ 776
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