When it comes to negotiating and obtaining successful outcomes in matters of critical importance, with foreign countries outside the orbit of western cultures Americans, indeed westerners are helpless babes in the wood.
Sadly, this is the history of the successive U.S governments who claim to have a policy to prevent the proliferation of atomic warheads.
The problem with the policy is that it produces just the reverse results.
The reasons for this pitiful state of affairs in American foreign policy concerning the prevention of the proliferation of atomic warheads are the Americans’ failure
- To select the right people to conduct the negotiations, especially people who appreciate the culture, modes of thinking and patterns of negotiating of the people with whom they have to negotiate;
- To appreciate properly the thinking patterns and the negotiating skills of the peoples outside the Western cultural sphere;
- To read accurately the political culture; state of mind, and the mood of the government and people of the target country, and/or
- To read accurately the other country’s economic and military circumstances and to maintain a policy responsive to these circumstances;
- The fatal bizarre belief that they can get whatever they want with generous benefits, finally,
- To learn the appropriate lessons from past failures.
The Americans’ notion of negotiation has been to shower the adversary with gestures of good will and/or gifts to get them to the table and keep showering them with “incentives” or “concessions” in order to secure an agreement
a) when negotiations are going nowhere, or
b) upon getting the agreement which they negotiated and which is not worth the piece of paper on which it is written,
c) further rewarding the adversary with rich sums to help them spread evil, and
d) in the process sacrificing the security and well-being of their allies in the region.
First case: Pakistan’s nuclear warheads-1972 and seq.
Pakistan’s decision to develop nuclear warheads was made in response to India’s development and possession of such warheads despite India’s credible no first use policy.
The program was closely monitored by the U.S. military, intelligence and law-enforcement services.
Pakistan at the time was a very poor country and depended on American economic and military help.
The Americans provided economic and military aid suited to the geopolitical and military needs of the U.S, as when the Russian troops invaded Afghanistan cut it off when the needs no longer existed as when the Russian troops withdrew.
President Carter misread the Pakistanis’ mind which considered it imperative to have atomic warheads so long as India had them. In 1979, he cut off all aid to Pakistan, citing U.S. laws aimed at stopping the spread of nuclear weapons.
After Carter left politics, the aid was reinstated under the Bush administration.
And a Senior Pakistani official involved in the nuclear project gave or sold North Korea, Iran and Libya the “crucial technological \and intellectual building blocks for making nuclear weapons.”
The second case: North Korea’s nuclear warheads-1994 and seq.
In 1994, Wendy Sherman, presently Biden’s Deputy U.S. Secretary of State, acting as Chief Negotiator under President Clinton negotiated a treaty with North Korea to commit itself to nuclear disarmament.
At the insistence of Clinton, Sherman showered the North Korean regime with all sorts of gifts during the negotiations. The North Koreans having received all their gifts, signed this most expensive agreement, and then proceeded to acquire the nuclear warheads.
North Koreans in turn helped further Iran’s quest to acquire nuclear weapons.
The third case: Iran’s quest for nuclear capabilities 1980 and seq.
In the late1980s Iran reinstated its nuclear program continually energised as it was by the assistance provided by Pakistan, China and Russia.
Beginning around August 2002, Iran started to misrepresent or lie outright about the facts on the ground; started getting adversarial with the United Nations Security Council, reached the 2003 nuclear agreement with the E3 i.e. France, Germany and United Kingdom (Tehran Declaration) which soon fell apart and played cat and mouse games with the inspectors of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
In 2006 the E3 joined the other permanent members of the UNSC to form the group of 5 plus 1(Germany).
In 2013, President Obama initiated secret negotiations with Iran and with the election of President Rouhani the two agreed to start a new set of negotiations to address the problems at hand.
Some months later, the United States along with the other permanent members of the United Nations Security Council- China, France, Russia and United Kingdom, plus Germany entered into the negotiations with Iran. Formal negotiations began when the parties signed the Joint Plan of Action (JPA) in November 2013. In 2015, the parties reached agreement on a Framework for the final agreement titled the Comprehensive Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPoA).
The American negotiators of the JCPoA were: Wendy Sherman responsible for the conduct of the U.S negotiations, assisted by Anthony Blinken, Biden’s new Secretary of State, then deputy Secretary of State and Robert Malley, Biden’s new Special Envoy to Iran, then a top –rank negotiator .
They treated the Iranians as if they were the successors to the Apostles instead of the cheats they had been for the past 11 year. The 5 + 1 secured a disastrous minimalist agreement which at its expiration would end up enabling Iran the right to acquire its nuclear weapons, that provided they did not do so on the sneak as they have done to date before the expiry of the agreement.
Besides lifting the sanctions and fully restoring Iran’s trading rights, the agreement led to Iran receiving about $150 billions of dollars frozen or seized Iranian assets which payment had to have been discussed and agreed first between Obama and Rouhani and then by the rest of the 5+1 team.
A colossal sum which among other things, Iran put to use in arming and financing its evil schemes through the branches of its evil empire, i.e. Hezbollah in Lebanon and Syria; Hamas and Islamic Jihad in Gaza and the Houthis in Yemen
So much for Obama’s phony promise to protect Israel and the other American allies of the region: Saudi Arabia, the UAE and the other Gulf countries from the clutches of Iran: Lebanon that has become Hezbollah territory; Israel that must defend against Hezbollah, Hamas and Islamic Jihad and potentially the Houthis; and the gulf countries Saudi Arabia at war with Houthis.
Well what now with Biden? Plus ça change plus c’est la même chose as the French would describe it.
In office barely for two weeks, he promoted all three members of the incompetent trio that negotiated JCPoA
And instead of talking tough to Iran, making tough demands with strict deadlines and carrying a big stick to make clear his intentions, he has been busy making concessions.
What concessions? He (1a) froze the decision to sell the UAE with 50 F-35 and (1b) reinstituted aluminum tariffs on UAE; (2) removed the only American aircraft carrier from the Gulf; and (3) abandoned Saudi Arabia (S.A.) by ending U.S support for military offensive against Iran-backed and financed Houthis and (4) revoked the designation of the Houthis as a terrorist group while they have been attacking Saudi towns and infrastructure
All this, while his Secretary of State is predicting that Iran will be in a position to produce atomic warheads within three to four months while the negotiations will take a long time
And what if in the meantime, Iran acquires what it takes to make the bomb and makes it.
With an ally like this, does a country need an enemy?