Is the G^d of the OT One of hatred and of the NT just about compassion?
It’s the oldest foundation of hatred of Jews. Depict them and their ‘Old Testament’ as cruel and the New Testament as a book of love.
The Christian Bible ‘supports’ this libel referring to ‘An eye for an eye.’
Now, the Hebrew Bible doesn’t say ‘An eye for an eye’ at all! It says ayeen tachat ayeen. Ayeen is an eye. Tachat means (depending on context): 1. Under, at a lower place, and 2. Instead of, in place of.
So, the real text (Exodus 21:24, Leviticus 24:20) is an eye in place of an eye.
Now, you can’t replace someone’s eye, so instead, you must pay so that it becomes as much as possible as if you didn’t take out someone’s eye: for pain, for medical costs, and for lost earning potential the rest of his life!
When we study Torah in depth, we should ask why the Torah uses tachat for under as it has bimkom yoter namuch (in a lower place). Perhaps, namuch (lower) is not such a polite word. And why does the Torah use here tachat for in place of as it has bimkom (instead of)?
Well, Maimonides already explained these verses could be misunderstood to mean you’re fine when you financially compensate the victim. Rather, misread that you deserve to have your eye taken out too, so you realize you did something terrible. So, you must also ensure that he forgives you.
All this, the Oral Torah already explained thousands of years ago. It didn’t stop haters of Jews from portraying us as vengeful while preaching they’re for turning the other cheek (Matthew 5:38-9, Luke 29). Unfortunately, Jews felt for thousands of years firsthand how much that is a dead letter.
The Torah and Jewish Law are very finely calibrated to how saintly humans could be. Advocating too lofty ideals, as Christianity tends to do, or seeing G^d as too stern, as often also in Islam, both backfire into bloodshed.
These two ‘cheeky’ sections aren’t the only anti-Jewish verses in Christian Scripture. Yet, Judaism holds that Monotheistic religions should be praised for teaching humanity Jewish ideas such as One G^d, Reward and Penalty, the Messiah, etc. Clearly, religions usually teach people ethics. Still, all of them need to clean up their past and beliefs. Yet, that’s their problem.
Many Jews, even Israeli religious ones who speak Hebrew, read these texts the faulty Christian way. A rendering they don’t agree with, but they don’t know how to defend themselves against this slander of the Torah. So sad.
BTW: Every verse on capital punishment in the Torah must be read in context. I don’t mean the context of the surrounding text or of the time the Torah was given but in the context of to whom it was given. Jews, as the Mishna tells us, are averse to murder. We still see that today in Israel’s war for survival. When Anti-Zionists are furious, they may kill random Jews. When Jews get beyond themselves they may shoot at solar panels or empty cars. Neither violence is OK, but there is a difference. The purpose of capital punishment in the Torah is to teach Jews that not all wickedness is equal. But the Talmud explains the task of the judges was to find ways to exonerate the accused. It even states that a court that executes more than one person in 70 years is a bunch of murderers! If he was guilty after all, G^d can kill him, and we don’t need to. It was also meant to deter, but that doesn’t work anymore already for 2000 years, so this option is on ice.
Speaking of murderers, honor killings are so not part of Jewish life. If anything, we need to keep our quest for receiving honor to the absolute minimum. Humility is the bedrock of greatness, and pride is often deadly.