Nadezhda Dukhovny
Nadezhda Dukhovny

Ancient and unique Uzbekistan: Syrdarya Region I

The Syrdarya region is located in the central part of Uzbekistan, on the territory of the Hungry Steppe (Mirzachul), on the left side of the Syrdarya River.

The Syrdarya region. This photo is courtesy of the Press Service of the Syrdarya Region Tourism and Sports Department.

The history of the Syrdarya region began more than 3 thousand years ago when settlements first appeared on its territory along rivers and mountain streams. This land got its name in honor of one of the longest rivers in Central Asia – the Syr Darya. The villages of Savat and Khavas in the Syrdarya region were mentioned in the ancient works of Arab geographers. Among the important historical monuments of the region are the ruins of the medieval city of Nurata. This ancient monument is located on the territory of the Saykhunabad district and occupies 40 hectares of area.

The Syrdarya region. This photo is courtesy of the Press Service of the Syrdarya Region Tourism and Sports Department.

You can come to the region for fishing because there is a lot of fish in the Syr Darya – from large carp and silver carp to snakeheads and sanders! And also, Syrdarya is the birthplace of Mirzachul melon, famous all over the world for its unforgettable aroma and sweetest taste.

The Syrdarya region. This photo is courtesy of the Press Service of the Syrdarya Region Tourism and Sports Department.

Syrdarya region specializes in cotton, silkworm, and melon growing, as well as in animal husbandry. The Syrdarya State District Power Plant and the Farhad Hydroelectric Power Station operate in the region, producing 1/4 of all electricity in the country.

During its existence, the Syrdarya region was part of many ancient states, starting with the Achaemenid empire, the Arab Caliphate, the Samanid state, the Amir Temur empire, and up to the Russian Empire and, of course, modern Uzbekistan. The administrative center of the region is the city of Gulistan, which means “flower land”.

Gulistan. This photo is courtesy of the Press Service of the Syrdarya Region Tourism and Sports Department.

The city itself can be considered relatively new, as it arose together with the construction of the first irrigation canal in 1895 on the site of the settlement of Achchikuduk. At the same time, the first railway was built to the village, which gave a great impetus to its development. After the opening of the channel, the settlement was renamed Mirzachul.

Cotton is also being grown here, and thanks to the new canal, it soon became the main center for the cultivation of “white gold” in the entire region. By 1961, Gulistan had become a full-fledged urban settlement. During the Soviet era, the city did not differ much from hundreds of similar cities, and only after gaining independence, it began to acquire its own face. There are no ancient architectural monuments in the city, but modern buildings are attracted by the fact that the features of the ancient cities of Uzbekistan were used during the construction.

For example, in the Uzbek-Chinese Garden of Friendship, you can have a wonderful time walking in a Chinese-style park in the evening.

The Uzbek-Chinese Garden of Friendship in Gulistan. This photo is courtesy of the Press Service of the Syrdarya Region Tourism and Sports Department.

All conditions for fishing and hunting for foreign and local tourists have been created in the Syrdarya region. In this area, wild boar, pheasant, wild ducks, geese, and other animals are hunted at the peak of the hunting season.

The Syrdarya region. This photo is courtesy of the Press Service of the Syrdarya Region Tourism and Sports Department.

In the Syrdarya region, Barkhan LLC opened the Barkhan recreation area, which has been officially operating since 2004 and occupies an area of ​​13 hectares.

There are 3 buildings on the territory of the recreation area, which can receive a total of 12 foreign and local tourists. In addition, a recreation area for 80-90 people has been built along the river. There is also a 3-hectare orchard.

The Barkhan resort. This photo is courtesy of the Press Service of the Syrdarya Region Tourism and Sports Department.

Apricots, quinces, pomegranates, plums, grapes, and cherries are grown in the garden. On the territory, there is a special pool for fishing and boating, billiards, table tennis, volleyball court, football field measuring 20×40.

The Barkhan resort. This photo is courtesy of the Press Service of the Syrdarya Region Tourism and Sports Department.

Tourists staying here can rent barbecue grills, boats for fishing or walking on the water, as well as catamarans and other services.

The Barkhan resort. This photo is courtesy of the Press Service of the Syrdarya Region Tourism and Sports Department.

In the same area, Ali’s private enterprise established the Chinara recreation area, which has been officially operating since the same year and occupies an area of ​​5.2 hectares.

The Chinara recreation area. This photo is courtesy of the Press Service of the Syrdarya Region Tourism and Sports Department.

During the season, visits to the recreation area are on average 50-100 foreign and local tourists. It features 2 swimming pools and a picturesque orchard. The surrounding area has a fishing and boat pool, a table tennis table, and a volleyball court.

The Chinara recreation area. This photo is courtesy of the Press Service of the Syrdarya Region Tourism and Sports Department.

This is a great place for both families and individuals. An indescribable rest awaits all visitors, especially in hot weather, when you desperately want to plunge into the cool water of the Syrdarya River.

The Chinara recreation area. This photo is courtesy of the Press Service of the Syrdarya Region Tourism and Sports Department.

Recreation and catering zone “Chekhra” is located on the international highway M-34, passing through the Syrdarya region. It was renovated in 2019 and began work on an area of ​​4 hectares.

It can accommodate over 40 foreign and local tourists. The complex is located in a convenient location and has all the conditions for visitors. The complex has a recreation area, a restaurant of national and European cuisine, banquet halls, a gift shop, a utility room for guests, a fountain, and a swimming pool.

Local farms in the region are always glad to see visitors, too.

The Dehqonobod Asl Anori pomegranate growing farm, established with the assistance of the Sustainable Rural Development in Uzbekistan project, funded by the European Union, has received an international quality certificate.

The Dehqonobod Asl Anori pomegranate growing farm. This photo is courtesy of the Press Service of the Syrdarya Region Tourism and Sports Department.

The company is located in Mirzaabad region and produces 1.5 tons of pomegranate juice per hour and 5500 tons per year. The juice is made using modern technologies and is of high quality and naturalness. The company invites tourists to participate in the harvest, where they can study various varieties of pomegranates and try natural pomegranate juice from the collected fruits.

In a greenhouse, organized by the private enterprise Khozhi Gadoboy Ota of the Khavast region, 150-200 tons of agricultural products are grown on an area of one hectare per year.

Highly efficient modern equipment produced in South Korea has been supplied and installed in this greenhouse.

Khozhi Gadoiboy Ota Greenhouse. This photo is courtesy of the Press Service of the Syrdarya Region Tourism and Sports Department.

Parents come here with their children, considering such a trip very important for the full development of the child. They want them to see with their own eyes how vegetables grow and how to pick them correctly.

Khozhi Gadoiboy Ota Greenhouse. This photo is courtesy of the Press Service of the Syrdarya Region Tourism and Sports Department.

Other guests themselves spent a lot of time in the village in their childhood, and they want to return to this world and refresh their memories, having a rest from the bustle of the city.

The greenhouse of the Uzbek-Chinese Peng Sheng joint venture is located in the Syrdarya district of the Syrdarya region. Two hectares of land are allocated here for strawberries grown according to Chinese technology, five hectares are occupied by flowers and bananas. The company’s products are exported as well as to the domestic market.

The greenhouse of the Uzbek-Chinese Peng Sheng joint venture. This photo is courtesy of the Press Service of the Syrdarya Region Tourism and Sports Department.

The main sources of income for the farmer are organizing master classes for tourists, excursions around the farm, tasting products in the format of a farm breakfast or lunch, as well as selling products to tourists. Also, an additional, but no less important factor is that in the person of tourists the farmer finds a very grateful audience, support for his views and recognition of his work.

The greenhouse of the Uzbek-Chinese Peng Sheng joint venture. This photo is courtesy of the Press Service of the Syrdarya Region Tourism and Sports Department.

Not far from the greenhouse is the Uzbekistan-China Friendship Park, which has become a center for physical training, leisure and entertainment, cultural exchange for the surrounding residents, where also local authorities and educational institutions hold major events. The Park has become a new symbol of friendship for the new generations between Uzbekistan and China.

About the Author
Nadezhda Dukhovny was born and raised in Uzbekistan and made aliya in 2005. She holds an MA in Linguistics from Tel Aviv University and works in translation. She has a true interest about her motherland and would like to tell more about that fascinating country to make Israeli readers familiar with another culture from other part of the globe.
Related Topics
Related Posts
Comments