Charity As Obligation

The Midrash tells of Rabbi Joshua Ben Levi who went walking through the streets of Rome. There he saw the pillars of great buildings covered in tapestries so that they would not contract and split with variations of temperature. Along the same path he saw a poor man who was dressed in sackcloth. Rabbi Joshua noted the splendor with which buildings were covered and the poverty of people.

There has never been an established Jewish community that failed to create a tamhui, a communal charitable plate. Rabbi Jacob Ben Asher’s great code of law, the Tur, states simply: “We give charity to anyone who stretches out his hand in need. This includes gentiles as well as Jews.”

Charitable work is complicated. There are always dangers — that the help will be misused, that it will create dependency, that it is misconceived or even stolen from those who need it most. Jewish law envisioned all of these possibilities, but still insisted that tzedakah was not a choice, but an obligation.

The wife of Rabbi Naftali of Roshpitz once asked if his prayer for the rich to give more funds to the poor had been successful. “Half of my prayer I have accomplished,” he answered. “The poor are willing to accept them.”

Rabbi David Wolpe is spiritual leader of Sinai Temple in Los Angeles. Follow his teachings at

About the Author
Named the most influential Rabbi in America by Newsweek Magazine and one of the 50 most influential Jews in the world by the Jerusalem Post, David Wolpe is the Rabbi of Sinai Temple in Los Angeles, California.