Ezra Y. Schwartz

Dr. Kissinger and Mr. Harwitt

Herbert Harwitt and Henry Kissinger had very similar backgrounds. Both were born in German cities, Kissinger in Furth and Harwitt in Berlin. Both were raised proudly Orthodox. They both came to the United States together with their parents before Kristallnacht and settled in Washington Heights, then a bastion of German Jewry.  They grew up a few short blocks away from each other. Both these German immigrants enlisted in the US Armed Forces where they served until 1946.  They even passed away within a month of each other, Kissinger at age 100 on November 29 and Harwitt at age 98 this past Shabbat, December 23.  

The extraordinary similarity of their backgrounds only accentuates their extremely different life trajectories.  Kissinger was a major player on the massive world stage.  He was a diplomat, statesman, National Security Advisor and eventually Secretary of State in the Nixon and Ford administrations.  Kissinger moved freely in world capitals, engaged in shuttle diplomacy, and held conversations with world leaders on the loftiest matters of war and global security. Kissinger, moved away from the Orthodox heritage of his youth and from synagogue life.   In the end Kissinger was a deeply polarizing figure.  Some of his obituaries speak of him as a war criminal, others as a great statesman.  

Mr. Herbert  Harwitt, whom you probably never heard of, stood in marked contrast to Dr. Kissinger.  Kissinger attended and eventually taught in Harvard University, Harwitt never even went to college.  Kissinger moved far from Washington Heights in many ways, both ideologically and geographically.  Harwitt never left.  Save his time in the US Army, Mr. Harwitt never left the confines of Washington Heights for any significant amount of time.  

They were so different.  Although Mr. Harwitt did not operate on the grand global stage, he was far from insignificant.  He was a major figure in Washington Heights, serving on the local Community Board where was a member of its committee on aging. He worked to establish a center for palliative care in the local Fort Tryon Nursing Home in Washington Heights, the home where he eventually passed away.  

Unlike Kissinger, Mr. Harwitt staunchly maintained his family legacy.  His career in the book publishing and printing business, Scribe Press and Harwitt Bindery, was a continuation of his family business in Germany.  His grandfather purchased Itzkowitzsky Press in Berlin.  Mr Harwitt continued the family business in the US.  

Mr. Harwitt lost his entire family in the Holocaust but he maintained whatever tendentious family bonds there were. Harwitt’s maternal uncle was Rabbi Felix Singerman, who pastored an Orthodox congregation in Berlin. Mr. Harwitt had pictures of him and the rest of his departed family in his home and spoke of them often.  He maintained a close bond with Chief Rabbi Immanuel Jacobowitz, who although was not directly related to Mr. Harwitt was also a nephew of Rabbi Singerman.  

Unlike Kissinger, Mr. Harwitt never moved away from the synagogue and from the observance of his youth. It is safe to say that Mr Harwitt’s entire life revolved around the synagogue.  He was connected to many synagogues in the Heights and labored to keep their memory alive.  The plan to demolish the Audubon Ball Room, where Malcolm X was murdered, was aborted in no small part through the efforts of the Community Board driven by Mr Harwitt.  However, Mr Harwitt’s involvement in that project was conditional on establishing a memorial to Congregation Emes Wozedek a German synagogue that met in the basement of that Ball Room. 

Mr Harwitt arranged for dying synagogues in the Heights to merge with the synagogue which was his true home, Mt Sinai Jewish Center, the synagogue where I was honored to serve as rabbi from 2009-2019.  In this vein, he arranged for the aforementioned Congregation Emes Wozedek to merge into Mt. Sinai and well as for the merger of Congregation Beth Hillel Beth Israel, whose rabbi, Rabbi Shlomo Kahn, Mr Harwitt he was intensely connected with. These mergers combined with the bequests to Mt. Sinai that Mr. Harwitt arranged for kept the synagogue financially solvent even during the lean years for Washington Heights’ Jewish community and Mt Sinai.   

Mr. Harwitt’s life was focused on synagogue life in general but Mt. Sinai Jewish Center was truly the love of his life.  He had his bar mitzva in Mt Sinai eighty-five years ago, and until frailty prevented him from walking to Shul, he davened in Mt Sinai every Shabbos.  He sat in the same seat and took the same talis and chumash each week.  Each year he would read the haftora on Parshas Shoftim, the haftora he read at his bar Mitzva.  He was the first bar mitzva boy in the congregation to read the entire parsha.  (Alexander Schindler who eventually led the Reform movement was the second.)  Mr Harwitt took his Torah reading in the traditional German intonation very seriously.  He at first tried to earn money by laining every week.  However, his father made him stop; it was taking away too much time from his school work.  Eventually he earned some money by shining shoes on 181st Street.  He’d send that money back to relatives in Germany, until there were no more relatives to whom to send.  

Mr Harwitt served as President or Vice President of Mt. Sinai Jewish Center for two decades.  In that capacity, he penned close to a hundred articles for the shul newsletter.  His articles reflected on the issues most close to his heart, Anti-Semitism and the Holocaust.  His articles were deep and scholarly.  He read widely on these subjects and his knowledge came forth in the multiple articles he’d write on a single topic, be it the new Anti-Semitism arising in the United States,  the Protocols of the Elders of Zion or the Holocaust.  

He was dreadfully worried about Anti-Semitism. Anti-Semitism was a dark reality he encountered in the Germany of his youth and as he’d often speak about on Veteran’s Day, during the time he was in the US Army. Like many, Mr. Hawitt was alarmed by the recent spike in Anti-Semitism. He spoke often recently  about how those younger than him need to recognize the danger that Anti-Semitism presents.      

Although not a survivor in the technical sense, Mr. Harwitt devoted massive amounts of his energy and resources to Holocaust education.  Mt Sinai has a Holocaust library that was dear to many of its older members.  Many if not most of the books in that library were purchased by Mr Harwitt.  After he retired (over thirty years ago) he would regularly sit at a desk in the library and educate school children about the  Holocaust.  He would arrange for first-rate speakers to address the Shul on Kristallnacht, which was always a major Shul event.  He was generous with his time and his resources.  But almost all his generosity focused on Washington Heights and his beloved Mt Sinai.  

In August 2001, Moment Magazine published an article about the declining  Jewish community of Washington Heights.  In that article, Mr. Harwitt was quoted in an almost fatalistic way about the decline of the community.  In his words “In ten or fifteen years we will be but a page or maybe a paragraph in history. It is sad, but it is true”.  Truth be told Mr. Harwitt was wrong.  He proved himself wrong.  

In 2004 or 2005 young singles began to move into under Washington Heights.  They were attracted by the then low rents and the easy subway access to anywhere in the City.  This group at first davened in an apartment on Friday nights.  However, they soon outgrew that apartment and shopped around looking for a Shul.  For a variety of reasons, the Shuls in the Heights did not accommodate them.  However, Mr. Harwitt almost single-handedly welcomed them into Mt. Sinai. At first this group davened downstairs in the Shul.  But it was only a short time before they moved upstairs and reinvigorated Mt. Sinai and the Washington Heights Jewish Community.  Mr. Harwitt was wrong in Moment Magazine.  The Jewish community in the Heights survived.  Mt. Sinai Jewish Center is now not only financially solvent, but it is vibrant. All this is because of Mr. Herbert Harwitt.

On Sunday, at his funeral, all those who attended loved Mr Harwitt.  All spoke of his tremendous devotion to the Heights and to his cherished Mt. Sinai Jewish Center.  Mr. Harwitt left the world beloved by all those who knew him.  

A few weeks ago, when hearing of Kissinger’s death Mr. Harwitt said “well, I guess I outlived him”.  It is fair to say that Mr. Herbert Harwitt who remained rooted in his Washington Heights community, in his values and in Mt. Sinai, his beloved synagogue, and who left the world beloved by all those who knew him, outlived Dr. Henry Kissinger in many ways. 

About the Author
Rabbi Ezra Schwartz is a Rosh Yeshiva and Associate Director of the Semikha Program at the Rabbi Isaac Elchanan Theological Seminary in New York. From 2009 - 2019 he served as Rabbi of Mt. Sinai Jewish Center in Washington Heights.