Although wine is not essential to human being, it is important culturally, economically and socially particularly for Israel as it is a product of human ingenuity. Israel has very long history of wine production almost from bible period though it was prohibited in the period of Islamic rulers, now a day’s wine industry of Israel is just booming up with the best quality of wines. Now wine is one of the most important things in Israeli food makes Israel as a heart of wine lovers.
The surprising thing, geographically Israel is the part of Middle East where to grow grapes and make wine in large scale is really challenging task in modern days of changing environmental condition as most desert countries are vulnerable to climate change. Wine grape is the delicate agricultural product which is sensitive to climate change results in the risk to wine as economic commodity. Though the rising in temperature may be useful for grape production as any other agricultural product, beyond the certain limit it is destroying. In case of wine grapes changes in temperature can produce over sweet wine with high alcohol content which is not consider as good quality for international market. Wine industry is dependent on main raw material means perfect grapes from which wine get specific color, aroma, and flavor to wine and which determine the sugar content, the loss of acids through respiration. But with this the problems in vineyards are particularly about the irrigation, diseases and soil erosion from heavy rainfall are possible which has potential to damage and harm to entire wine industry.
But it is fact that the wine industry in Israel is booming up with high quality of wines internationally.
There are numerous different types of wines easily available at many stores and almost super markets as the local market is the main important market for Israeli wine. There are more than 300 wineries in Israel; seven (Carmel, Golan Heights, Teperberg 1870, Recanati, Galil Mountain, Tavor and Yatir) largest Israeli wineries out of them produce more than 60 % of Israel’s wine. Wine grapes are produced throughout the Israel but the major winery regions are five which are different in climate, soil, texture and other environmental factors which make varieties in wines and make wine special and different than others. More than 80% of vineyards available in Israel are generally at Shomron, Samson and Galilee regions. The Israeli wine market is growing annually and approximately 20% of Israeli wine is exported to various countries particularly to USA, Canada, France and UK with revenue of totals $220 million per year.
To buy wine from super market is easy task but the best thing is to visit to wineries and vineyards to know more about the wine culture of Israel, to taste the wine and to know the how winners are overcoming the possible adverse impacts of climate change.
Here are few wineries to visit and feel the taste of Israel.
Galil Mountain Winery
This several international award including gold prizes winning, located at upper Galilee mountain ranges. This winery is one of the unique examples of the balance of tradition and technology. Winery collected grapes from its six well developed vineyards located nearby areas in Upper Galilee. Winery is open to wine tasting guided tours and visits.
This winery is one of oldest and traditional winery in Israel located at Zichron Yaacov depends on its vineyards from Sde Boker to Golan Heights. Tishbi has many products rather than the main product of wine such as brandy, wine jellies, chocolates, honey and many other food products too. Winery is open to wine tasting tours and restaurant is also available in winery.
Golan Heights Winery
It is one more the international award winning winery is located in Katzin Golan Heights famous for the successful business of collective communities and cooperate communities which mark Israeli wine internationally. Winery opens for the tasting tours of various wine brands of high quality wine.
This continuously growing is winery is established by wine lovers group at Hefer valley. Winery offers varieties of kosher wines under four labels produced by best wine grapes. Winery is open for the guided tour to learn the wine making process, knowledge of equipment, wine tasting with cheese, delicious breads and vegetables in reasonable charges.
This largest winery in Israel located at Zichron Ya’acov with vineyards throughout Israel. This winery opened the a new center at wine cellars which includes a wine shop, restaurant, two specialist tasting rooms, a small cinema and barrel room. This winery offers various cellular tour, wine tastings tour and workshops to see winemaking process and learn the history of Israeli wine.
It is the second largest winery in Israel located at Hulda valley with vineyards spread overall Israel. This winery won many prestigious awards for wine quality and the brave grape breed combinations. Winery is open to visit and taste wide range of varietal wines and blends.
It is located at Gush Etzion, offers visit to winery and its other tourist centre which includes dairy restaurant, an events garden, a tourist vineyard and a visitor’s center. It is open for jeep tour to vineyards, wine tours, guided tasting, and to learn about ancient wine tradition, and modern process too.
This famous winery located in Upper Galilee opens to make visit, study tour, wine tasting tours to taste its delicious wines of various types and different labels in there visitor’s center and a factory outlet shop offering wines and other products of the Galilee.