When God created people, God did so by making men and women different from one another. Men and women balance each other out through unique strengths and weaknesses that are biological facts that should not be ignored. To acknowledge the differences is to honor God. Those who believe there is no difference between the sexes, dishonor what God has designed for people.
The differences in respiratory systems between men and women have been well documented. Men have larger airways, lungs, chest walls and diaphragms which does have an impact on running time for everything including marathon races. In all forms of running, men have faster times than women, due to the differences that do exist on a biological level.
According to the National Institute of Health:
“Males’ lungs are bigger not only in terms of absolute volume, but also in terms of their volume variations. Men, in fact, also have significantly larger mean values for all pulmonary variables, both volumes and flows, except resistance which is significantly lower in males. It is interesting to note how the flow measurements are indexes of smallest airways function in females. For this reason, all the prediction equations for normal values include sex as discriminating factor.”
Healthline shows the average marathon time for men and women throughout all age groups in a chart that makes perfectly clear the advantage men possess with faster times than women. It was not some small sample size used to skew the results, but 21,000 marathon runners from 2010. Again, there is not a single age range where women have faster results than men.
Runners World shows the 10 fastest marathon runners for both men and women on record-eligible courses. The fastest man to run a marathon was Eliud Kipchoge in Berlin, 2018 with a time of 2:01:39. The fastest woman to run a marathon was Brigid Kosgei in Chicago, 2019 with a time of 2:14:04. She was almost 15 seconds slower than the fastest man and did not beat out any of the top ten for men.
It is not just in terms of breathing capability that shows a stark difference between men and women, but in terms of strength for both upper and lower body. Men have larger bones due to testosterone producing more calcium than estrogen. Larger bones and the muscles themselves mean men are physically stronger than women.
According to the Journal of Applied Physiology:
“We employed a whole body magnetic resonance imaging protocol to examine the influence of age, gender, body weight, and height on skeletal muscle (SM) mass and distribution in a large and heterogeneous sample of 468 men and women. Men had significantly (P < 0.001) more SM in comparison to women in both absolute terms (33.0 vs. 21.0 kg) and relative to body mass (38.4 vs. 30.6%). The gender differences were greater in the upper (40%) than lower (33%) body (P < 0.01).”
An article at Duke University was written by Doriane Lambelet Coleman and Wickliffe Shreve that included a chart showing multiple forms of sports, each where the men had the clear advantage over women in which states, “If you know sport, you know this beyond a reasonable doubt: there is an average 10-12% performance gap between elite males and elite females.”
There are also differences between male and female brains due to testosterone creating more gray matter and estrogen creating more white matter, which is not to say that men and women have a difference in intelligence, but a different way of processing information. Men and women both have the capacity for brilliance, but the way the brains work does vary between sexes.
Science Daily has a copy of a paper out of the University of California, Irvine, which states:
“In general, men have approximately 6.5 times the amount of gray matter related to general intelligence than women, and women have nearly 10 times the amount of white matter related to intelligence than men. Gray matter represents information processing centers in the brain, and white matter represents the networking of – or connections between – these processing centers.
“This, according to Rex Jung, a UNM neuropsychologist and co-author of the study, may help to explain why men tend to excel in tasks requiring more local processing (like mathematics), while women tend to excel at integrating and assimilating information from distributed gray-matter regions in the brain, such as required for language facility. These two very different neurological pathways and activity centers, however, result in equivalent overall performance on broad measures of cognitive ability, such as those found on intelligence tests.”
In 2009, Ada Yonath of Israel rightfully won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry. Fritz Haber predated Yonath by about a century who was a great chemist in his own right. Both were Jewish who were equally brilliant, even though one had more white matter while the other had more gray matter.
When the hair and skin is removed leaving only what lies beneath, the balance between men and women can be seen. God did not create men and women to be no different from one another, but to acknowledge and honor those differences that do exist. It was Eve created from Adam to separate the whole of humanity. It is only when men and women come together as God intended, with honor and respect for one another that the whole can be returned.
The important thing to recall about Eve is she was created from Adam’s rib so that man and woman would walk side by side in mutual respect and harmony as God intended.