The Throne of Glory
Blue is the color of the sea, the color of the sky, and the color of the Throne of Glory, as it is written:
|וַיִּרְאוּ, אֵת אֱלֹהֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל; וְתַחַת רַגְלָיו, כְּמַעֲשֵׂה לִבְנַת הַסַּפִּיר וּכְעֶצֶם הַשָּׁמַיִם, לָטֹהַר||and they saw the God of Israel; and there was under His feet the like of a paved work of sapphire stone, and the like of the very heaven for clearness. (Ex 24:10)|
It is taught by Master Kabbalist Chaim Vital that there is a single light, in the form of a man, which radiates through all the four worlds (Atzilut, Beriah, Yetzirah and Asiyah) and reaches down to the physical elements. All souls below are rooted in this light.
These souls descend to the physical word where they are clothed in physical bodies. Their roots remain attached to the source which is the single light.
The parable is that of an inverted tree, with the root of the tree sourced in the light, and the branches of the tree in the physical world clothed in physical bodies.
When a soul sins, it is “cut off” from the branches and remains separated until it is redeemed.
It follows that the single light is Yechidah, and the root is called the “root of Jesse”, both are the concept of Mashiach, the gematria is 1157:
|Root of Jesse||שֹׁרֶשׁ יִשַׁי||1120|
The mid-point number from 1 to 1157 is 579, which is the gematria of אֱלֹהִים, יָשַׁב עַל-כִּסֵּא “God sits upon the throne” (Psalm 47:9), in the form of a man, as it is written:
|וּמִמַּעַל, לָרָקִיעַ אֲשֶׁר עַל-רֹאשָׁם כְּמַרְאֵה אֶבֶן-סַפִּיר, דְּמוּת כִּסֵּא וְעַל, דְּמוּת הַכִּסֵּא, דְּמוּת כְּמַרְאֵה אָדָם עָלָיו, מִלְמָעְלָה||And above the firmament that was over their heads was the likeness of a throne, as the appearance of a sapphire stone; and upon the likeness of the throne was a likeness as the appearance of a man upon it above. (Ezekiel 1:26)|
The light manifests in man as “thought” מֻשְׂכָּל, and the man is called a “thinker” מַשְׂכִּיל, which at the root level is called “pure thought” שֵׂכֶל. The beginning is the “pure thought”, and the end is the “thinker”, that which connects the two is the “thought”, when the three are bound together, it is called “enlightenment” הַשְׂכָּלָה.
Thought of action שֵׂכֶל הַפּוֹעֵל in gematria is 541, the same as Israel יִשְׂרָאֵל, for the concept of Israel is the “thought” acting in the physical world. “In his thought” בָשִׂכְלוֹ in gematria is 358, the same as “light of the world” אוֹר הָעוֹלָם and Mashiach מָּשִׁיחַ, whose four letters can permute to spell “there is mind” יֵשׁ מֹחַ. This is why Mashiach is called the “head” of the body which is Israel.
The light is concealed through a garment called Chashmal חַשְׁמַל, which in gematria is 378, the same as garment מַלְבּוּשׁ.
The appearance of a man on the Throne of Glory is also the anthropomorphic array of the Sefirot.
The Throne of Glory is the light of the souls, for the souls are referred to as “glory”:
|לְמַעַן, יְזַמֶּרְךָ כָבוֹד וְלֹא יִדֹּם: יְהוָה אֱלֹהַי, לְעוֹלָם אוֹדֶךָּ||So that my glory may sing praise to Thee, and not be silent; O LORD my God, I will give thanks unto Thee for ever. (Psalm 30:13)|
And the “likeness of throne” is the “clothes of man”:
|Likeness of throne||דְּמוּת כִּסֵּא||531|
|Clothes of man||כְּסוּת אָדָם||531|
Secret of the Chashmal
|וָאֵרֶא כְּעֵין חַשְׁמַל, כְּמַרְאֵה-אֵשׁ בֵּית-לָהּ סָבִיב, מִמַּרְאֵה מָתְנָיו,וּלְמָעְלָה; וּמִמַּרְאֵה מָתְנָיו, וּלְמַטָּה, רָאִיתִי כְּמַרְאֵה-אֵשׁ, וְנֹגַהּ לוֹ סָבִיב.||And I saw as the colour of electrum, as the appearance of fire round about enclosing it, from the appearance of his loins and upward; and from the appearance of his loins and downward I saw as it were the appearance of fire, and there was brightness round about him. (Ezekiel 1:27)|
According to Master Kabbalist Rabbi Abraham Abulafia, the secret of “his loins” is “the image”, according to their letter permutation and gematria:
For this reason it is forbidden to worship any image (Ex 20:4), “and the LORD spoke to you out of the midst of the fire. You heard the sound of the words, but saw no form” (Deu 4:12).
Above his loins the fire is “round about enclosing to her (לָהּ)”, and below his loins, the fire is “brightness round about to him (לוֹ)”.
It is explained that the secret of that which above his loins is the secret of the soul, as follows:
|round about enclosing to her||בֵּית-לָהּ סָבִיב||521|
|Vav round about the soul||וו סָבִיב הַנֶּפֶשׁ||521|
|And foundation of the soul||וִיסוֹד הַנֶּפֶשׁ||521|
And the secret of that which below his loins is the secret of the body, as follows:
|brightness round about to him||וְנֹגַהּ לוֹ סָבִיב||174|
|Hey round about the body||הא סָבִיב הַגוּף||174|
|Foundation of the body||יְסוֹד הַגוּף||174|
Above is enclosing to her בֵּית-לָהּ which is feminine, below is brightness to him וְנֹגַהּ לוֹ which is masculine, the name YH (ה)-VH(ו).
The secret of the Chashmal is the secret of the “curtain” which has the same gematria of the following concepts:
|Man in the image of God||אָדָם בְּצֶלֶם אֱלֹהִים||293|
|YHVH descended in Man||וַיֵּרֶד יְהוָה בָּאָדָם||293|
|Four (living creatures) are in one||אַרְבָּעָה בְּאֶחָד||293|
|Nature of light||טֶבַע הָאוֹר||293|
|Good and evil||טוֹב וָרָע||293|