Tuvia Book
Tuvia Book
Author, educator, Tour-Guide, artist

Never mind the HRW report, I will tell you what Apartheid actually is!

Welcome! It is that time of year again, open season for Jew haters and Israel bashers.  Yup, the astonishingly misnamed “Human Rights Watch” (HRW), who their own founder has disowned and whose main mission seems to be to denigrate the Jewish state,  has declared this week in the headline words  of that great lover of Israel, the BBC, that, “Israel (is) committing crimes of apartheid and persecution” The HRW wanted to call it the, “Wipe the Jewish Zionist entity off the Map” report, but the, “Israel is an Apartheid state” report is more politically correct. If it was not so sad it might be funny.  To call Israel Apartheid is absurd as saying that there are equal rights to all peoples in any of the countries surrounding Israel.

I grew up in the only truly Racial Apartheid regime the world has known in South Africa.  In my hometown of Durban I  waited for my (whites only) school bus to my (whites only) school on a bench that said “Bus stop.  Whites only” in English and Afrikaans.  After school I went to the beach and daily passed by this sign:

Durban beach sign from the 80’s. Photo (c) T. Book, 2021

It was a brutally oppressive regime where State sanctioned racism was enshrined in the law.  The colour of ones skin was the sole factor as to whether one did or did not have rights.  The contrast between Apartheid South Africa and the State of Israel is total.  Israel’s Declaration of Independence enshrines equality for all of her citizens by categorically stating:

The State of Israel… will ensure complete equality of social and political rights to all its inhabitants irrespective of religion, race or sex; it will guarantee freedom of religion, conscience, language, education and culture; it will safeguard the Holy Places of all religions…

If one wants to find Apartheid in the Middle East, one doesn’t need to search far.  Most of the regimes in Israel’s neighbourhood practice Gender Apartheid. The United Nations (no big friend of Israel) Human Development Report of 2002 (page 22) states that:

Women in Arab league countries suffer from unequal citizenship and legal entitlements.  Often evident in voting rights and legal codes and from inequality of opportunity evident in employment status, wages and gender-based occupational segregation.  Their political and economic participation remains the lowest in the world.

In the Arab world and Iran adultery is a crime for both sexes, though women receive harsher punishment.  Adultery is a capital offense, with execution by stoning.  This is sexual Apartheid.

It is important to acknowledge however,  that with all of Israel’s incredible successes in many fields since its creation, there are issues that Israel is grappling with as it continues to stride into the 21st century.  One of the most pressing of these concerns is how to harmoniously co-exist with a minority population.  Approximately 20%, one out of five, of Israel’s population consists of Israeli Arabs.  The vast majority of Israeli Arabs are Muslim.  However, about 8% are Druze, about 5% are Bedouin, and about 10% are Christian. Israeli Arabs have full democratic rights, parliamentary representation, state education and judiciary recourse.

Despite their full democratic rights, the resources given to Israeli Arabs are less than those given to the Jews.  The current government is striving to rectify this situation.  The majority of Israeli Arabs do not serve in the army. (The Druze, with mandatory male conscription, Bedouin and some other Muslims and Christians who can, and do, volunteer are the exception.).   There is a movement to encourage some kind of national service for Israel’s Arab population as an alternative to military service.

Sargent Y, A Muslim Arab Israeli IDF combat soldier. Photo, (c) T. Book, 2021

The non-service in the army results in most Israeli Arabs being denied substantial social benefits.  At times of recession and unemployment in the Israeli economy, the Israeli Arab sector is consistently amongst the hardest hit.  Despite the loyalty demonstrated by the vast majority of Israeli Arabs, the number of Israeli Arabs involved in anti-Israel activities, either directly or indirectly, has increased in recent years.  Some of the more radical rhetoric of Arab Knesset members has received intense criticism and brought a number of legal probes. The self-identity of some Israeli Arabs is increasingly showing more overt identification with the Palestinians.

Whilst Israel continues to struggle and wrestle with its relationship to its minority population, it is imperative to remember that relative to any of the neighbouring countries in the region the situation is incomparably better, although there is certainly much room for improvement.

Yityish “Titi” Aynaw, Ethiopian born MIss Israel 2013. photo, (c) T. Book, 2021

So my friends, the next time someone, or an organization such as HRW, starts gnawing away at that old bone, that anti-Semitic canard that, “Israel is an Apartheid regime as South Africa was,” realize that it is only because it is not politically correct after the Holocaust to call oneself a vile hate-spewing intolerant and ignorant anti-Semite.  The world can tolerate weak Jews as victims of racism but cannot stand to see strong Jews as beacons of tolerance, understanding and equality.

Dr. Tuvia Book is the author of “For the Sake of Zion, A Curriculum of Israel Education” (Koren, 2017).   His forthcoming book, Jewish Journeys, on the Second Temple Period,  will be published by Koren this year.  He also is a  Ministry of Tourism licensed Tour Guide, Jewish educator and a Judaica artist.  www.tuviabook.com

About the Author
Dr. Tuvia Book was born in London and raised in both the UK and South Africa. After making Aliya at the age of 17 and studying in Yeshiva he volunteered for the IDF, where he served in an elite combat unit. Upon his discharge he completed his BA at Bar-Ilan University, as well as certification in graphic design. He then served as the Information Officer at the Israeli Consulate of Philadelphia, while earning a graduate degree in Jewish Studies. Upon his return to Israel, Dr. Book graduated from a course of study with the Israeli Ministry of Tourism, and is a licensed tour guide. Tuvia has been working in the field of Jewish Education, both formal and informal, for many years. He has guided and taught Jewish students and educators from around the English-speaking world for some of Israel’s premier educational institutions and programs. Tuvia has been guiding groups for Birthright Israel since its inception and, in addition, has lectured throughout North America, Australia, Europe and South Africa. Tuvia served as a Shaliach (emissary) for the Jewish Agency for Israel as the Director of Israel and Zionist Education at the Board of Jewish Education of Greater New York (Jewish Education Project). He was a lecturer/educational guide at the Alexander Muss Institute for Israel Education (AMIIE) in Israel for a decade. Tuvia has lectured at both Bar Ilan University and Hebrew University. He is a Senior Editor and Teaching Fellow at the Tikvah Fund. Tuvia is the author and illustrator the internationally acclaimed Israel education curriculum; "For the Sake of Zion; A Curriculum of Israel Studies" (Fifth edition, Koren 2017), and "Moral Dilemmas of the Modern Israeli Soldier" (Rama, 2011) and has a doctorate in Israel Education. His latest book, "Jewish Journeys, The Second Temple Period to the Bar Kokhba Revolt – 536 BCE-136 CE," will be published by Koren this year.
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