The exporting and importing of arms around the world, especially in the Middle East is fraught with dangers. This being do to arms not always ending up in the correct hands. This fact can be attributed to a number of reasons, both internal and external. We know that terrorist organizations and militias control vast amounts of weaponry, and the question that needs to be asked, is where they receive these arms from and can these weapons be traced and thereby reduced in number. An example of this sort of weaponry is the the amount of missiles that Hamas controls, as seen through the past two day’s terrorist attacks on Israel.
How does Hamas and other terror organizations across the spectrum receive arms? In many cases through theft, illegal transfer from one group to another and countries who pass them on. For example, the arms Russia sells to Iran, ends up in the hands of their terror proxies. On the other side of the equation, the arms that the United States exports to Saudi Arabia often ends up in the hands of the rebels in Syria and the Houthis in Yemen. These arms often get transferred illegally and are difficult to track. If the opposite was the case, then the exporter of these arms (for example the United States) could reduce the selling of arms to the unscrupulous countries, unless these countries tracked from A to Z with verifiable steps along the way.
While this problem is much larger than this brief discussion there is an example of technology that could help lessen this problem. Specifically speaking, I am referring to supply chain based blockchain technology. Blockchain based supply chain management would allow countries to immutably record, track, and assign verification certifications, link physical goods to RFID (as an example) and share information one with the other. Eventually being able to build a digital ledger whereby the status of all sold weapons would be placed and tracked. Due to the immutability of the information the exporters and importers, as seen in the graphs attached to this post, would be able to track if their weapons end up in terrorist hands. This information would allow holes in the system to be rectified.
While, blockchain could and would not stop arms from ending up in terrorist hands, or the last two days terror campaign it could make it far more difficult for Hamas and those like them to receive future weapons, while at the same time making it harder for those who would sell them to continue acting in the same manner.