The Pesach Eve Segulah of Rav Shimshon Ostropoli (Ukraine)

Shimshon ben Pesach Ostropoli was murdered July 15, 1648 by the Ukranians. He was a Polish rabbi from Ostropol who was murdered at PolonnoyeVolhynia, during the Khmelnytsky Uprising. The Ukranians are so proud of this, that they currently have a statue and monument in Kyiv honoring the accomplishments of the mass murderer of Jews, Bohdan Khmelnytsky.

When the Cossacks laid siege to Polonnoye, Rav Shimshon, with three-hundred of his followers, wearing their talleisim prayer shawls, went to the synagogue, and stood there praying until the Ukranians came and butchered them all.

Rav Shimshon of Ostropoli was a noted kabalist. He was the author of a commentary on the kabalistic work Ḳarnayim. He also wrote also a commentary on the Zohar. His most famous work is the Erev Pesach Letter, ‘Maamar Sod Eztba Elokim’ (The Secret of The Finger of G-d) on the ten plagues in Egypt. He assures blessings of success and protection from harm to all those that study it.

Those who read this are guaranteed that he will be saved from any kind of accident or disaster or strange death for the whole of that year. Everything that he turns his hand to will be successful.

Why did Hashem send ten plagues, the first one would have been sufficient?

The Secret of The Finger of G-d – The Ten Plagues

Redemption גאולה is hinted at by the phrase,  דצ”ך עד”ש באח”ב.

The Ari z”l wrote, that Pharaoh was afflicted with these ten makos at the hands of  ג אלפים ור”פ  (3,280) Angels of Punishment that dwell in the three heavens of impurity.

Heaven #1 – שר”ע

Heaven #2 – תמו”ך

Heaven #3 – בישה”א

The minister appointed over these Angels of Punishment is called,  דלפק”ט. Over them all is the Minister called,  תק”א בראשית.

The 3rd is lacking 10, the 4th is lacking 6, and the 9th is lacking 6; as they are written in the Torah.

The Egyptians were afflicted with 10 plagues in Egypt and 50 plagues at the Reed Sea (10×5); this is according to the name שפ”ו, which is an aspect of Dovid Ben Yishai.

According to the name ,תק”ל the Egyptians were afflicted by 40 plagues in Egypt and 200 at the Reed Sea (40×5).

According to the name, שצ”ה the Egyptians were afflicted by 50 plagues in Egypt and 250 at the sea (50×5).

Hashem rectified the Exile גאולה, exactly the same way He afflicted the Egyptians. He redeemed them with the names: דע”ב, צד”א, כשח”ב.

(This concludes the cryptic teaching of the Ari z”l, on this topic)

The Explanation: Given by Rav Shimon The Magid of Ostropoli:

Pharaoh and Egyptians were afflicted with the 3,280 ( ג אלפים ר”פ) Angels of Punishment that are appointed to punish the wicked in Gehenom and to purify them from their sins. This idea comes from a pasuk in Yishaya.

ישעיהו נח:ד

הֵן לְרִיב וּמַצָּה תָּצוּמוּ וּלְהַכּוֹת בְּאֶגְרֹף רֶשַׁע, לֹֽא תָצוּמוּ כַיּוֹם לְהַשְׁמִיעַ בַּמָּרוֹם קוֹלְכֶֽם:

To smite with the fists of wickedness (Yishayahu 58:4).

The word “fist” ,אגרף is from letters אגרפ  = ג אלפים ר פ  = 3,280. This is the source for the number 3,280 Angels of Punishment. A fist has five fingers. So multiply the makkos by 5 when describing the incident at the Reed Sea.

The number 2380 also comes from the gematria of all the 10 makos as spelled in the Torah.

  1. דם = 44
  2. צפרדע = 444
  3. כנם = 110  (“The 3rd is lacking 10″, no letter  “yud” )
  4. ערב= 272″The 4th is lacking 6″, no letter “vav”)               )
  5. דבר= 206
  6. שחין= 368
  7. ברד= 206
  8. ארבה = 208
  9. חשך= 328 (“The 9th is lacking 6″, no “vav”)
  10. מכת בכורות = 1094

ג אלפים ר”פ=     3,280 (Total all makkos)

The three Heavens of Impurity are: שר”ע, תמו”ך, בישה”א. In other words can be rearranged to come from the Hagaddah phrase “These are the plagues that He brought” עשר מכות שהביא.

  • שר”ע עשר =  ( אלו עשר מכות שהביא)
  • תמו”ך = מכות (אלו עשר מכות שהביא)
  • בישה”א = שהביא (אלו עשר מכות שהביא)

These words hint to the three Heavens containing the 3,280 Angels that inflicted the 10 plagues on Pharaoh and Mitzrayim.

The minister over these angels is דלפק”ט = המצרי(ם). Each letter of the Angels` name is the previous letter in the Aleph Beis from the word, “The Egyptian” המצרי.




ק← ר


The final “mem” מ is not included since it is not from the root word; rather it forms the plural of “Egyptian/Mitzri”. Therefore, the “mem” is not included in this word referring to the Angels.

אלו עשר מכות שהביא הקדוש ברוך הוא על המצרים במצרים.

The Minister over all of the other Angels is, תק”א בראשית. This refers to the initial letters of the Ten Makos  דצ”ך עד”ש באח”ב  = 501 = תק”א. Bereishis means the first letters. Also, the gematria of the word אשר  , from pasuk in Shemos, is 501. This describes “how אשר  G-d made a mockery of the Mitzrim using the Makos.

שמות י:ב

וּלְמַעַן תְּסַפֵּר בְּאָזְנֵי בִנְךָ וּבֶן בִּנְךָ אֵת אֲשֶׁר הִתְעַלַּלְתִּי בְּמִצְרַיִם וְאֶת אֹתֹתַי אֲשֶׁר שַׂמְתִּי בָם, וִידַעְתֶּם כִּי אֲנִי ה’.

And that you may recount in the hearing of your child and of your child’s child how I made a mockery of the Egyptians and how I displayed My signs among them- in order that you may know that I am Hashem (Shemos 10:2)

שפ”ו (386) – represents the 10 Makos in Mitzrayim and the 50 Makos at the Reed sea. This is the opinion of רבי יוסי הגלילי. The gematria of his name is 386. Since Rav Yossi was a reincarnation גילגול of Dovid HaMelech, this concept symbolizes an aspect of דוד בן ישי which is also the gematria of 386.

תק”ל (530) – represents the 40 Makos in Mitzrayim and the 200 Makos at the Yam Suf. This is the opinion of רבי אליעזר  , which equals the gematria of 530.

שצ”ה (395) – represents the 50 Makos in Mitzrayim and the 250 Makos at the Yam Suf. This is the opinion of רבי עקיבא , which equals the gematria of 395.

Hashem brought about the Exodus גאולה, in the same way He afflicted the Egyptians. Therefore, we were redeemed with the names of healing רפואה:דע”ב צד”א כשח”ב .

דע”ב ← דצ”ך עד”ש באח”ב (1st letter)

צד”א ← דצך עד“ש באח”ב (2nd letter)

כשח”ב ← דצ”ך עד”ש באחב (3rd letter)

G-d redeemed us with the 1st , 2nd , and 3rd letters . This hints to the three words of healing that Hashem healed us with when he redeemed us from Mitzrayim. The Jewish nation required the healing of three sins in the past.

We were punished in Egypt for three things that Avraham did (Talmud Bavli Nedarim 32a). Avraham used Torah scholars in the war against the four kings, in order to free his nephew Lot. Avraham asked for a confirmation of Hashem’s decree, that He is trusted to give the Jewish nation possession of Eretz Yisrael.

בראשית טו: ז-ח

וַיֹּאמֶר, אֵלָיו:  אֲנִי ה’, אֲשֶׁר הוֹצֵאתִיךָ מֵאוּר כַּשְׂדִּים לָתֶת לְךָ אֶת הָאָרֶץ הַזֹּאת, לְרִשְׁתָּהּ: וַיֹּאמַר אֲדֹנָ-י ה’, בַּמָּה אֵדַע כִּי אִירָשֶׁנָּה?

Then Hashem said to him [Avraham], “I am Hashem who brought you out from Ur Kasdim to give this land to you as a possession: And he [Avraham] said: Hashem Elokim, how will I know that I am to possess it? [Eretz Yisrael] (Bereishis 15: 7-8).          

Lastly, Avraham prevented his captured prisoners of war from converting to Judaism. This allowed the king of Sodom to keep these prisoner. These sins were forgiven as represented by דע”ב, צד”א, כשח”ב.

Rav Shimson teaches us, that by studying the revelation of this secret teaching by the Ari z”l every Erev Pesach, we too, in our days can atone for our sins. Just as the Jews were freed from Egypt and had their sins forgiven at this time, thousands of Years ago; we are now redeemed again and forgiven.

Now it can be understood how Hashem rectified the Exile in exactly the same way that He had afflicted the Egyptians. The initial letters of the plagues hint to the original cause of the descent to Egypt, and in exactly the same way as G‑d struck the Egyptians, that in itself was the method by which He redeemed Israel. The actual letters of the plagues are a hint to our redemption.

May we be found worthy in G‑d’s eyes to quickly see the coming of the Moshiach, with all the angels appointed to accompany the Final Redemption, may it come speedily and in our time. May we be worthy of seeing the fulfillment of the verse:

מיכה ז: טו

כִּימֵי צֵאתְךָ, מֵאֶרֶץ מִצְרָיִם, אַרְאֶנּוּ, נִפְלָאוֹת.

As in the days of your coming out of the land of Egypt I will show him marvelous things (Micah 7:15).

Rav Shimshon of Ostropolli declares that:

“Anyone who studies these wondrous and awesome secrets, even one time in a year, and especially on Erev Pesach , I promise him that he will be saved from any kind of accident or strange death for that whole year. His enemies will have no power over him and will fall before him, and that he will be successful in everything that he turns his hand to. Amen.

The story of the Exodus from Mitzrayim is especially significant for our generation. For the way we were redeemed from Egypt and made Aliyah thousands of years ago, will parallel the way that the Jews will leave USA (Chutz LaAretz) and make Aliyah, prior to Moshiach. Just as 4/5th of the Jews refused to leave Egypt and only (1/5) 20%  חמושים made Aliyah; the same process is occurring today.

About the Author
Arie E. Pelta, M.D., a Board Certified General and Colorectal Surgeon from the USA , made aliyah with his wife and 7 children in 2013. Received Rabbinical ordination in 1997. He is also a active Medical Corps Officer holding the rank of Captain in the IDF Reserves. Currently practicing in Laniado Hospital in Netanya; speciaizing in the surgical care of all problems of the colon, rectum and anus.
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