The battle for the Temple Mount escalated this week when the Muslim Waqf controlling the Mount joined with the Palestinian Authority and Jordanian officials to lay claim to the ancient “Bab el-Rahma,” otherwise known for centuries as the Golden Gate or “Shaar Harachamim” in Hebrew.
Most Jews and visitors to Israel recognize the sealed “Gate of Mercy” from the outside wall of Jerusalem’s Old City facing the Kidron Valley and the Mount of Olives.
Unlike most of Jerusalem’s other gates, the Golden Gate was originally built at least a millennium before Suleiman the Magnificent rebuilt the walls of Jerusalem in 1540. It is the only Jerusalem gate that opens directly unto the Temple Plaza. According the Jewish tradition, the High Priest of the Temple would use the gate to carry out rituals.
Some archaeologists believe that the original gate, dating back to Herod’s construction or even Nehemiah’s period (440 BCE), still exists beneath the current gate. Perhaps because of the religious significance of the gate to Jews and Christians as the Messiah’s route into Jerusalem, Suleiman supposedly sealed the gate and permitted the construction of a Muslim cemetery to block it.
Unbeknownst to the world, there are ancient rooms between the wall facing the Dome of the Rock and the sealed gate on the outside wall facing the Mount of Olives, and it is here that the Muslim Waqf seeks to establish another Muslim prayer area on the Temple Mount. Israeli authorities sealed access to the internal rooms in 2003. Endangering the fragile Jerusalem situation, the Waqf and demonstrators seek to break the status quo. They may also seek to use the controversy to thwart the forthcoming American peace proposal, the “deal of the century.”
A later photo, circa 1900, showed the columns and the interior stone work in greater detail. The back column has a capital sculpted in the distinctive Corinthian pattern. A review of rare photos of what lays under the Al Aqsa mosque shows a similar Corinthian column. The photos were taken by Christian photographers who had access to the collapses mosque after a powerful 1927 earthquake in Jerusalem.
Note the fine and elaborate stone work, first from the Golden Gate chamber and then the Hulda Gate entrance.
One more discovery shows the ancient Jewish presence in the Shaar HaRachamim – Golden Gate compound. More than 1,000 year ago, Jewish pilgrims carved names and messages into the stone walls. See Shulamit Gera‘s study on three inscriptions.
As this blog is posted, it appears the Muslims have breached the Golden Gate fences…