Behar – Jubilee and the Comings of Mashiach

The gematria of YHVH is 26, the mirror image of 26 is 62.

There were 26 generations from Adam to Moses, for Abraham was the 20th generation from Adam, and Moses was the 6th generation from Abraham.

There were exactly 62 generations from Adam to Yeshua, for Yeshua was the 42nd generation from Abraham (Mat 1:17).

Astonishingly, there were 26 Jubilees from Moses to Mashiach at his first coming.

Twenty-six (26) in Hebrew is עֶשְׂרִים וְשִׁשָּׁה, the gematria is 1231, exactly the gematria of “ten commandments” עֲשֶׂרֶת הַדְּבָרִים, alluding to the given of Torah at Mt Sinai.

1231 is also the gematria of the following verse, alluding to the coming of Mashiach:

אָנֹכִי מָלֵאתִי כֹחַ אֶת-רוּחַ יְהוָה I am full of power by the spirit of the LORD…(Micah 3:8)

When to Count

When do you start counting Sabbatical years?

דַּבֵּר אֶל-בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל, וְאָמַרְתָּ אֲלֵהֶם, כִּי תָבֹאוּ אֶל-הָאָרֶץ, אֲשֶׁר אֲנִי נֹתֵן לָכֶם–וְשָׁבְתָה הָאָרֶץ, שַׁבָּת לַיהוָה Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them: When ye come into the land which I give you, then shall the land keep a sabbath unto the LORD. (Lev 25:2)

At the simple, plain level of the text, the counting is to start as soon as the Children of Israel enter into the land, there is no requirement for them to possess the land.

The Children of Israel entered into the land on Nisan 10 by coming up from Jordan river.

וְהָעָם, עָלוּ מִן-הַיַּרְדֵּן, בֶּעָשׂוֹר,לַחֹדֶשׁ הָרִאשׁוֹן; וַיַּחֲנוּ, בַּגִּלְגָּל,בִּקְצֵה, מִזְרַח יְרִיחוֹ. And the people came up out of the Jordan on the tenth day of the first month, and encamped in Gilgal, on the east border of Jericho. (Joshua 4:19)

It is commonly established by the rabbis that the Children of Israel received Torah in Year 2448 from Adam, it follows that the entry into the land of Israel took place 40 years later in Year 2488.

The operative word for Jubilee is freedom דְּרוֹר, as it is written:

וְקִדַּשְׁתֶּם, אֵת שְׁנַת הַחֲמִשִּׁים שָׁנָה, וּקְרָאתֶם דְּרוֹר בָּאָרֶץ, לְכָל-יֹשְׁבֶיהָ; יוֹבֵל הִוא, תִּהְיֶה לָכֶם, וְשַׁבְתֶּם אִישׁ אֶל-אֲחֻזָּתוֹ, וְאִישׁ אֶל מִשְׁפַּחְתּוֹ תָּשֻׁבוּ.


And ye shall hallow the fiftieth year, and proclaim liberty throughout the land unto all the inhabitants thereof; it shall be a jubilee unto you; and ye shall return every man unto his possession, and ye shall return every man unto his family. (Lev 25:10)

At the simple level, Jubilee means the freedom from bondage and return to the ancestral land. This was fulfilled at the time when the Children of Israel entered the land on Nisan 10th, 2488. From this perspective, year 2488 from Adam can be understood as a Jubilee (albeit this was not preceded by 49 years of counting).

This came at a time after the death of Moses who was the 26th generation from Adam. 26 is the gematria of YHVH, denoting the mercy and salvation of God, fittingly.

The Jubilee in Scriptures

There is an allusion to Jubilee in Ezekiel 40:1:

 בְּעֶשְׂרִים וְחָמֵשׁ שָׁנָה לְגָלוּתֵנוּ בְּרֹאשׁ הַשָּׁנָה בֶּעָשׂוֹר לַחֹדֶשׁ בְּאַרְבַּע עֶשְׂרֵה שָׁנָה, אַחַר, אֲשֶׁר הֻכְּתָה הָעִיר–בְּעֶצֶם הַיּוֹם הַזֶּה הָיְתָה עָלַי יַד-יְהוָה, וַיָּבֵא אֹתִי שָׁמָּה. In the five and twentieth year of our captivity, in the beginning of the year, in the tenth day of the month, in the fourteenth year after that the city was smitten, in the selfsame day, the hand of the LORD was upon me, and He brought me thither. (Ezekiel 40:1)

According to Rashi, this was a Jubilee:

What “year” is it whose Rosh Hashanah falls on the tenth of the month? The answer is that this is the Jubilee year. The Temple had been destroyed in [3338] the thirty-sixth year of the [50-year] Jubilee [cycle] which had commenced in the eighteenth year of Josiah [3303]. Fourteen years later [3352], the [beginning of the next] Jubilee would have fallen, and this was the twenty-fifth year of the exile of Jeconiah, who had been exiled in [3327], the twenty-sixth year of the Jubilee [cycle] [consisting of] fourteen years of Josiah, from the eighteenth to the thirty-first year [3302-3316], and eleven years of Jehoiakim [3316-3327].What “year” is it whose Rosh Hashanah falls on the tenth of the month? The answer is that this is the Jubilee year.

The year of the exile was 597 BC, according to Wikipedia (, 25 years later would be 572 BC, which was a Jubilee according to Ezekiel 40:1.

That fact Ezekiel counted Jubilee even during the exile suggests that once started, the counting of Sabbatical years and Jubilee is no longer contingent upon the land being possessed by the Children of Israel.

572 BC would be 3188 years from Adam, or 700 years from the entry to the land of Israel, it follows that there had been exactly 14 Jubilees elapsed between the entry to the land and the vision of Ezekiel on the Third Temple. This also confirms our assertion that the counting started from the same year when the Children of Israel entered the land (instead of 14 years later as proposed by Seder Olam).
Came Mashiach

It is commonly established that Yeshua started his ministry around 27 – 30 CE. Now 28 CE is exactly 600 years or 12 Jubilees from Ezekiel’s vision of the Third Temple or 26 Jubilees from the entry to the land, it stands to reason that if the starting year of Yeshau’s ministry was to be divinely ordained, it had to be 28 CE.

This also means 70 CE is a Sabbatical year when the Second Temple was destroyed. This agrees with Seder Olam’s assertion that the Second Temple was destroyed in a Sabbatical year.

That the year 28 CE was a Jubilee can be derived from Luke 4:16-19 when Isaiah 61:1 was explicitly cited as the reading of the Prophets on Yom Kippur:

רוּחַ אֲדֹנָי יְהוִה, עָלָי–יַעַן מָשַׁח יְהוָה אֹתִי לְבַשֵּׂר עֲנָוִים, שְׁלָחַנִי לַחֲבֹשׁ לְנִשְׁבְּרֵי-לֵב, לִקְרֹא לִשְׁבוּיִם דְּרוֹר, וְלַאֲסוּרִים פְּקַח-קוֹחַ The Spirit of the Lord GOD is upon me; because the LORD hath anointed me to preach good tidings unto the meek; he hath sent me to bind up the brokenhearted, to proclaim liberty to the captives, and the opening of the prison to them that are bound; (Isaiah 61:1)

The key words in above verse are freedom, liberty דְּרוֹר, which means Jubilee.

When Yeshua started his public ministry, he was about 30 years of age (Luke 3:23) and he started from where Moses finished his ministry, the Jordan River.

In rabbinical tradition, Moses’s final ascent to Mt. Sinai was on Rosh Chodesh Elul (1st day of the 6th month) and he descended 40 days later on Yom Kippur (10th day of the 7th month) when the sin of the Children of Israel was forgiven.

It is immediately apparent that this is why Yeshua had to fast for 40 days in the wilderness and immediately after which he proclaimed the year of liberty (Jubilee) on the Yom Kippur, which is also called Shabbat (Lev 23:32).

It can be surmised that Yeshua started his ministry on Tish’a B’Av. Av in Hebrew is אָב, which can permute to spell בֹּא meaning “come”, i.e. the coming of Mashiach בִּיאַת הַמָּשִׁיחַ. According to rabbinical tradition, Tish’a B’Av is the birthday of Mashiach, which would have been fulfilled if Mashiach was revealed on Tish’a B’Av.

It can be further surmised that this Tish’a B’Av was in a seventh sabbatical year, i.e. the year preceding the Jubilee, and Yeshua would have waited 21 days (three weeks) following Tish’a B’Av to mirror the 21 days of mourning between 17th Tammuz and Tish’a B’Av before he started his fast on Rosh Chodesh Elul (1st day of the 6th month).

He would have finished his 40 days fast on Yom Kippur (10th day of the 7th month) in the new year, which was the 26th Jubilee from Moses, hence the proclamation in Luke 4:19 quoting Isaiah 61:2:

לִקְרֹא שְׁנַת-רָצוֹן לַיהוָה To proclaim the acceptable year of the LORD …(Isaiah 61:2)

The verse was quoted half-way, it stands to reason that the remaining unquoted verse must have be intended for another time, i.e. the second coming:

וְיוֹם נָקָם לֵאלֹהֵינוּ, לְנַחֵם, כָּל-אֲבֵלִים …and the day of vengeance of our God; to comfort all that mourn (Isaiah 61:2)

Now the key phrase for the first coming is “acceptable year of the LORD” שְׁנַת-רָצוֹן לַיהוָה, the gematria is 1152, which is 4 x 288, where 288 alludes to the 288 holy sparks, i.e. the lost sheep, which was the primary concern of Mashiach at his first coming (Mat 15:24).

The key phrase for the second coming is “and the day of vengeance of our God” וְיוֹם נָקָם לֵאלֹהֵינוּ, the gematria is 384, which is also the gematria of Mashiach of YHVH מָּשִׁיחַ יְהוָה, i.e. the Mashiach will only be revealed at his second coming.

Astonishingly, the first coming (mercy, YHVH) has within it the potential for the second coming (judgment, Elohim):

1st coming key phrase acceptable year of the LORD שְׁנַת-רָצוֹן לַיהוָה 1152
2nd coming key phrase and the day of vengeance of our God וְיוֹם נָקָם לֵאלֹהֵינוּ 384

384 x 4 = 1152 + 384 = 1536

It is also astonishingly to note that the key phrase for the 1st coming is the same gematria of Israel and Torah, and the key phrase for the 2nd coming is the same gematria of Mashiach and YHVH:

acceptable year of the LORD

שְׁנַת-רָצוֹן לַיהוָה

Torah תּוֹרָה 611
Israel יִשְׂרָאֵל 541
and the day of vengeance of our God

וְיוֹם נָקָם לֵאלֹהֵינוּ

Mashiach מָּשִׁיחַ 358
YHVH יְהוָה 26

This comes to teach us that the first coming of Mashiach was to teach the correct observance of Torah to Israel, and the second coming of Mashiach is to reveal him as the Son of God.



John 4:35

That 28 CE is a Jubilee can be further supported by a cryptic verse in John 4:35:

Say not ye, There are yet four months, and then cometh harvest? behold, I say unto you, Lift up your eyes, and look on the fields; for they are white already to harvest. (John 4:35)

It can be derived from John 4:45 that this event took place shortly after Pesach, as mentioned in John 2:23.

As proposed by Ernest Martin, this proves it was a Sabbatical year.

The time between Pesach and Shavuot is the time of harvest from barley to wheat, “For they are white already to harvest” means it was already at Shavuot, i.e. Sivan (3rd month), four months from Sivan would be Tishrei  (7th month) which would be the beginning of a new year when people can legally harvest again.

We can further develop this idea into understanding that this was more than a Sabbatical year, but a Jubilee, and significantly the 26th Jubilee from the entry to the land by the Children of Israel. Number 26 is the gematria of YHVH therefore a year most propitious for salvation.

If this was a Jubilee, where were the crops coming from and why it was permitted to harvest?

Actually, the prohibition is sowing and planting, and all the crops in the field are considered ownerless, and harvesting ownerless crops is permissible.

וְהָיְתָה שַׁבַּת הָאָרֶץ לָכֶם, לְאָכְלָה–לְךָ, וּלְעַבְדְּךָ וְלַאֲמָתֶךָ; וְלִשְׂכִירְךָ,וּלְתוֹשָׁבְךָ, הַגָּרִים, עִמָּךְ And the sabbath of the land shall be meat for you; for thee, and for thy servant, and for thy maid, and for thy hired servant, and for thy stranger that sojourneth with thee (Lev 25:6)

According to Rashi, this means everyone is deemed equal [regarding the use of the Shemittah year’s produce]-you, [your slaves,] and your hired worker and resident.

This is exactly what it means in John 4:37: one soweth, and another reapepth, because during the Sabbatical year as well as Jubilee, all the crops are regarded as ownerless and whosoever has the need can harvest it.

Second Coming

If Mashiach’s first coming was a Jubilee, it may be reasonably surmised that his 2nd coming would also be a Jubilee.

If the Children of Israel had to walk 40 years in the wilderness due to their unbelief, it may be reasonably surmised that the rejection of Mashiach at his first coming would subject the Children of Israel in exile for 40 Jubilees.

40 x 50 = 2000

28 CE + 2000 = 2028 CE

Forty Jubilees in Hebrew is אַרְבָּעִים הַיּוֹבֵל, which has a gematria of 376, the same gematria of peace שָׁלוֹם. 376 is also the gematria of the following verse that contains the 358th appearance of YHVH in the Torah, hinting to the revelation of Mashiach מָּשִׁיחַ whose gematria is 358.

יְהוָה יִמְלֹךְ, לְעֹלָם וָעֶד The LORD shall reign for ever and ever. (Ex 15:18)

1948, 2018 and 2028

Now learn a parable of the fig tree; When his branch is yet tender, and putteth forth leaves, ye know that summer is nigh: So likewise ye, when ye shall see all these things, know that it is near, even at the doors. Verily I say unto you, This generation shall not pass, till all these things be fulfilled.(Mat 24:32-34)

The fig tree is Israel, as it is written:

כַּעֲנָבִים בַּמִּדְבָּר, מָצָאתִי יִשְׂרָאֵל כְּבִכּוּרָה בִתְאֵנָה בְּרֵאשִׁיתָהּ,רָאִיתִי אֲבוֹתֵיכֶם I found Israel like grapes in the wilderness, I saw your fathers as the firstripe in the fig-tree at her first season…(Hosea 9:10)

1948 is the year when Israel as a young tender fig tree was born.

The ordained year for a generation is either 70, or 80 years, as it is written:

יְמֵי-שְׁנוֹתֵינוּ בָהֶם שִׁבְעִים שָׁנָה וְאִם בִּגְבוּרֹת שְׁמוֹנִים שָׁנָה The days of our years are 70 years, or even by reason of strength 80 years…(Psalm 90:10)

The fig tree at her 70 years would be in 2018, and her 80 years would be 2018, both are propitious for Israel to complete her earthly mission.

The gematria of fig tree is 461, and her mission as Israel will be completed when she is 80 years of age:

Fig tree הַתְּאֵנָה 461
Eighty years (this generation) 80
Israel יִשְׂרָאֵל 541
About the Author
Insight into the weekly Torah study with a focus on gematria...
Related Topics
Related Posts