The first modern repatriates from the Ukrainian lands to the land of Israel set off at the end of the 19th century, after a wave of pogroms of 1882. They are usually called the First Aliyah migrants. After the first, the Second Aliyah took place at the beginning of the twentieth century.
In 1919, a ship Ruslan arrived to the port of Jaffa from Odessa with 600 repatriates on board. It is the repatriation on the ship Ruslan that is considered the start of the Third Aliyah.