Moshe-Mordechai van Zuiden
Psychology, Medicine, Science, Politics, Oppression, Integrity, Philosophy, Jews

Correctly applying the Hebrew words Erev, Leil and Or le

Erev has two meanings. On its own it mean: evening. But in front of another time span it means: the day before. This is the main thing to know here.

Many people, including Orthodox Israel-born chief rabbis!, forget the second option and erroneously call Friday night erev shabbat. Erev shabbat, however, means: the day before Shabbat, or: Thursday night until (but not including) Friday night – the Jewish day goes from sundown to sundown – not from 00:00 – 24:00. Now, 2 more Hebrew terms:

Leil means: the eve(ning) of. So leil shabbat is: Shabbat Eve or Friday evening. Leil pesach is: Passover Eve, (the first) Passover evening.

Or also has two meanings. Or on its own it means: light. But with le in front of a day it means: the (dark) eve of that day – confusing for beginners! Or leyom rishon (of the first day) means: the Eve of Day One, Saterday evening. The first day of the Hebrew week is Sunday! Or leyom shishi means: the Eve of Day Six, Thursday evening.

Now, look at the following examples. If you don’t understand any of them, look at the above rules again. Print and cut out the table lines and fold the English to the back of the Hebrew and quiz yourself until you get all of them right.

Hebrew English
Erev shabbat Thursday evening – Friday evening
Erev shel shabbat Friday evening / Shabbat Eve
Leil shabbat Friday evening / Shabbat Eve
Or le-erev shabbat Thursday evening
Leil erev shabbat Thursday evening
Erev pesach The 24 hours before Passover Eve
Erev shel pesach Passover evening / Eve
Leil pesach Passover evening / Eve
Or le-erev pesach The evening before Passover
Leil erev pesach The evening before Passover
Yom rishon Saturday night until Sunday night
Yom sheni Sunday night until Monday night
Erev yom sheni Saturday night until Sunday night
Erev shel yom sheni Sunday evening
Leil yom sheni Sunday evening
Or le-erev yom sheni Saturday evening
Leil erev yom sheni Saturday evening

Erev chag semei’ach!

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To subscribe to his daily blog posts, click on the circle next to the blogger's picture, containing a dot with two quarter circles around it (the Feed Computer icon). * The author is a fetal survivor of the pharmaceutical industry (DES - Diethylstilbestrol), born in 1953 to two Dutch survivors who met in the largest concentration camp in the Netherlands, Westerbork, and holds a BA in medicine (University of Amsterdam). He taught Re-evaluation Co-counseling, became a social activist, became religious, made Aliyah, and raised three wonderful kids. He wrote an unpublished tome about Jewish Free Will. He's a vegan for 8 years now. He's an Orthodox Jew but not a rabbi. * His most influential teachers (chronologically) are: his parents, Nico (natan) van Zuiden and Betty (beisye) Nieweg, Wim Kan, Mozart, Harvey Jackins, Marshal Rosenberg, Reb Shlomo Carlebach and lehavdiel bein chayim lechayim: Rabbi Dr. Natan Lopes Cardozo, Rav Zev Leff and Rav Meir Lubin. * Previously, for decades, he was known to the Jerusalem Post readers as a frequent letter writer. For a couple of years he wrote hasbara for the Dutch public. His fields of attention now are varied: Psychology (including Sexuality and Abuse), Medicine (including physical immortality), Science, Politics (Israel, the US and the Netherlands, Activism - more than leftwing or rightwing, he hopes to highlight Truth), Oppression and Liberation (intersectionally, for young people, the elderly, non-Whites, women, workers, Jews, GLBTQAI, foreigners and anyone else who's dehumanized or exploited), Integrity, Philosophy, Jews (Judaism, Zionism, Holocaust and Jewish Liberation), Ecology and Veganism. Sometimes he's misunderstood because he has such a wide vision that never fits any specialist's box. But that's exactly what many love about him. Many of his posts relate to affairs from the news or the Torah Portion of the Week or are new insights that suddenly befell him. * He hopes that his words will inspire and inform, reassure the doubters but make the self-assured doubt more. He strives to bring a fresh perspective rather than bore you with the obvious. He doesn't expect his readers to agree. Rather, original minds must be disputed. In short, his main political positions are: anti-Trumpism, for Zionism, Intersectionality, non-violence, democracy, anti the fake peace process, for original-Orthodoxy, Science, Free Will, anti blaming-the-victim and for down-to-earth optimism. Read his blog how he attempts to bridge any discrepancies. He admits sometimes exaggerating to make a point, which could have him come across as nasty, while in actuality, he's quit a lovely person to interact with. He holds - how Dutch - that a strong opinion doesn't imply intolerance of other views. * His writing has been made possible by an allowance for second generation Holocaust survivors from the Netherlands. It has been his dream since he was 38 to try to make a difference by teaching through writing. He had three times 9-out-of-10 for Dutch at his high school finals but is spending his days communicating in English and Hebrew - how ironic. G-d must have a fine sense of humor. In case you wonder - yes, he is a bit dyslectic. November 13, 2018, he published his 500st blog post with the ToI. * He likes doing age-appropriate and age-inappropriate things and looks forward to getting to know his timeless mature out-of-the-box soul mate. * To send any personal reaction to him, scroll to the top of the blog post and click Contact Me.
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