Far too often, fascist and Nazi are spoken as if there was no difference between the two. When people make the claim, it is based on what they believe to be true, since that is what they have been told. Rather than doing their own research to verify what they have been told, they blindly accept the premise.
Benito Mussolini was born on July 29, 1883 to socialist parents who named their first-born son after socialist Mexican President, Benito Juarez. His father was a blacksmith and part-time socialist journalist, and his mother was a teacher who pushed socialism on her students and children alike.
He was a bully growing up who was expelled from numerous schools for carrying out acts of violence, including stabbing pupils with his penknife. Mussolini was every bit as intelligent as he was brutal. Despite being expelled from numerous schools, he passed his finals, and followed in his mother’s footsteps to become a teacher.
Mussolini knew he was not suited for the work and quit to move to Switzerland at 19 years of age. According to Britannica, he carried only one thing with him. It was, “a nickel medallion of Karl Marx in his otherwise empty pockets.” The Marx medallion was a symbol carried by communists.
It was Switzerland where he began to read philosophers with greater communist leanings, such as Nietzsche and Kant. That was when he began to formulate his speaking ability and started to draw people towards him. As the BBC puts it, “in 1902 Mussolini moved to Switzerland, where he became involved in socialist politics. He returned to Italy in 1904.”
During those two years in Switzerland, Mussolini became a journalist for a socialist paper, where he tried his hand at propaganda. It was also during this time that he started to develop himself as a public speaker. As Britannica puts it, he was “impressing his companions as a potential revolutionary of uncommon personality and striking presence… proposing a strike and advocating violence as a means of enforcing demands.”
He returned to Italy to once again teach, this time in Forli, located in the Venetian Alps. It was here he met the 16-year-old daughter of his father’s mistress, Rachele Giudi. She went to live with him in his cramped apartment, before eventually marrying him.
By the time of his marriage, he had grown restless with teaching, and returned to what he had been doing in Switzerland. In 1919, Mussolini moved to Austria-Hungary where he worked as editor for a socialist newspaper. He would have remained had it not been for his deportation. As History puts it, “deported back to Italy, accused of violating laws meant to regulate press freedom.”
Upon his return, he became the editor of another socialist paper, where he also wrote numerous articles advocating socialism. He grew tired of restrictions placed on him and decided to start his own paper in 1912 called, La Lotta di Classe, translated into English it is The Class Struggle. Mussolini’s paper had become successful enough to capture the attention of Avanti, translated into English is, Forward. This was the official paper of the Socialist Party. Mussolini became editor at their request.
The move to bring Mussolini on board as editor with no reigns to control him was a success. According to Britannica, circulation “doubled; and as its antimilitarist, antinationalist, and anti-imperialist editor, he thunderously opposed Italy’s intervention in World War I.”
Karl Marx had written that social revolution tends to follow war. As a communist, Mussolini was swayed by those words more than any other during that time. This led to him change his mind about war. “that “the defeat of France would be a deathblow to liberty in Europe,” he began writing articles and making speeches as violently in favour of war as those in which he previously had condemned it.”
This change to a more communist approach led to his removal of Avanti and dismissal from the Socialist Party of Italy. Mussolini quickly found work as editor of Il Popolo d’Italia, The People of Italy, which was a communist paper. Mussolini used his power as editor to formulate the birth of what would become his fascist party.
He was drafted into the Italian Army in August of 1915 and was sent to the front in September of that same year. Mussolini was considered for officer training, but rejected as a result of his vocal communist ideology.
According to Encyclopedia, “He spent seventeen months in 33rd Battalion, 11thBersaglieri Regiment… a late February 1917 training explosion caused Sergeant Mussolini’s medical evacuation. Although lightly injured, he remained hospitalized until August. Mussolini required recuperation from right tibia surgery to remove syphilitic tumors.”
Throughout the war, Mussolini remained editor of Il Popolo d’Italia. Marx and Nietzsche became a driving force in his life during the war years. Mussolini was a communist who grew to believe the socialists of Italy were not socialist enough. They remained opposed to war, which, in Mussolini’s mind, put them at odds with his revolutionary ideas.
When Mussolini came to power in 1922, it was with a Nietzschean worldview. He removed every underpinning of democracy, which is what happens under every communist dictatorship. Socialists pretend to maintain democracy under a dictatorship; communists do not bother to pretend; as is the case of what has happened, and continues to this day, in Venezuela.
There were no race laws after Mussolini came to power, since fascism was based on Marx by way of Nietzsche. National Socialism, the Nazis, was based on eugenics. Mussolini had a Jewish mistress and did not care she was Jewish. Hitler never would have tolerated a Jewish woman being anywhere close to him.
Mussolini governed with an iron fist who brought tremendous suffering to the Italian people as a whole. Jews and Gentiles received equal brutality from the government who oppressed everyone equally. Had Mussolini been a eugenicist with a similar mindset to Hitler, rather than Nietzschean, 80% of Jews in Italy would not have survived.
There was no Italian holocaust, because the driving force of fascism was not based on race, but Nietzschean ideology. Mussolini believed he was above such things as good and evil, just as Nietzsche believed himself to be. It was the will to dominate others that drove Mussolini to power and led to his reign of terror over his people in what he envisioned Nietzsche’s superhuman to be. Mussolini was the personification of Nietzsche’s writings.