Richard H. Schwartz
Vegan, climate change,and social justice activist

Should Jews Become Vegetarians or Vegans at Rosh Hashanah?

Rosh Hashanah is the time when we take stock of our lives and consider new beginnings. Perhaps the most significant and meaningful change that Jews should consider this year is a shift away from diets that have been having devastating effects on their health and the health of our increasingly imperiled planet. While many Jews seem to feel that the holiday celebration can be enhanced by the consumption of chopped liver, gefilte fish, chicken soup, and roast chicken, there are many inconsistencies between the values of Rosh Hashanah and the realities of animal-centered diets. Please consider:

1. While Jews ask God on Rosh Hashanah for a healthy year, animal-centered diets have been linked to an epidemic of heart disease, strokes, several forms of cancer, and other illnesses. Trying to cure these diseases has resulted in soaring medical costs that now total about one in every six dollars spent for ALL purposes in the U.S. Also, over 50 percent of the antibiotics produced in the U.S. are used in animals feed, resulting in bacteria building up immunities which make the antibiotics less effective in combating diseases.

2. While Jews pray on Rosh Hashanah for God’s compassion during the coming year, many Jews, as well as most other people, partake in a diet that involves animals being raised for food under very cruel conditions, in crowded, confined cells, where they are denied fresh air, exercise, and any emotional stimulation. And raising many animals in filthy, crowded conditions makes the spread of diseases like swine flu more likely.

3. While Jews pray for a peaceful New Year, animal-centered diets, by wasting land, grain, water, energy and other valuable resources, help to perpetuate the widespread hunger and poverty that often lead to instability and war.

4. While Jews pray on the Jewish New Year that God provide adequate sustenance, over 70% of the grain grown in the United States is fed to animals destined for slaughter, as an estimated 20 million people die annually because of hunger and its effects and close to a billion of the world’s people are chronically malnourished.

5. While Jews commemorate the creation of the world on Rosh Hashanah, animal-based agriculture is a major contributor to many global threats, such as climate change, soil erosion and depletion, air and water pollution related to the production and use of pesticides and chemical fertilizer, and the destruction of tropical rain forests and other habitats. This is an especially timely issue now because of the many recent reports of severe, widespread  droughts, storms, floods and wildfires, the rapid melting of polar ice caps and glaciers and the fact that some climate scientists are projecting that global warming may soon reach a tipping point and spiral out of control, with disastrous consequences, unless major positive changes soon occur. Israel is especially threatened as the Israel Union for Environmental Defense has projected that if current trends continue, climate change will result in Israel having many heat waves, a decrease in average rainfall of up to 30 percent, severe storms, expanding deserts, and a flooding of the coastal plain where most of the Israeli population and infrastructure exist due to a rising Mediterranean Sea.

6. While Rosh Hashanah is a time when we are to “awake from our slumber” and mend our ways, the consumption of meat on Rosh Hashanah means that we are continuing the habits that are so detrimental to our health, to animals, to hungry people, and to ecosystems. While we symbolically cast away our sins at tashlich during Rosh Hashanah, the eating of meat means a continuation of the “sins” associated with our diets, with regard to treatment of animals, protecting our health, polluting the environment, and wasting food and other resources. While Rosh Hashanah is meant to be a time of deep contemplation when we carefully examine our deeds, most meat eaters seem to be ignoring the many moral issues related to their diets.

In view of these and other apparent contradictions, I hope that Jews will enhance their celebrations of the beautiful and spiritually meaningful holiday of Rosh Hashanah by making it a time to begin striving even harder to live up to Judaism’s highest moral values and teachings by moving toward a vegetarian or vegan diet. Such a move would help revitalize Judaism by showing that we are applying our highest values, would improve the health of many Jews, and would help shift our imperiled planet onto a sustainable path.


About the Author
Richard H. Schwartz, Ph.D., is the author of Judaism and Vegetarianism, Judaism and Global Survival, Who Stole My Religion? Revitalizing Judaism and Applying Jewish Values to Help Heal our Imperiled Planet, and Mathematics and Global Survival, and over 200 articles and 25 podcasts at He is President Emeritus of Jewish Vegetarians of North America (JVNA) and President of the Society of Ethical and Religious Vegetarians (SERV). He is associate producer of the 2007 documentary “A Sacred Duty: Applying Jewish Values to Help Heal the World.” He is also a Professor Emeritus of Mathematics at the College of Staten Island, which is part of the City University of New York.
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