If Democrats are to keep their slim majorities in the House and Senate, and possibly even expand them, they will need to demonstrate that they have a better vision for the future than their Republican opponents. There is possibly no issue where the two parties differ more starkly than whether climate change is a major threat and whether the government should spearhead climate change action.
This article will consider the seriousness of climate threats and why they are likely to soon become far more severe, the Republican denial about the threats, and how Democrats can exploit the discrepancy as a potentially decisive issue.
First, it is important to recognize how strong the scientific consensus about climate change is. Science academies worldwide, 97% of climate scientists, and virtually all the peer-reviewed papers on this issue in respected scientific journals agree that climate change is largely caused by human activities, and poses great threats to humanity. In 2018, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), an organization composed of climate experts from many countries, warned that “unprecedented changes” are necessary by 2030 to have a chance at averting a climate catastrophe. Because of increasingly dire warnings from climate experts, UN Secretary Antonio Guterres called the situation “a Code Red for Humanity,” and said “delay is death.”
The world is already seeing the effects of climate change.
Every decade since the 1970s has been hotter than the previous decade and all of the 22 hottest years since temperature records were kept in 1880 have been since 1998. 2020 tied 2016 as the hottest year world wide. ADD HYPHEN June 2021 was the hottest June on record and July 2021 was the hottest month on record. The hottest seven years in recorded history all occurred in the past seven years.
There have been many negative effects of this increased temperature. Glaciers worldwide are rapidly melting, threatening future food production which depends on glacial water for irrigation. Greenland and polar ice caps are also melting rapidly, rising sea levels and increasing the potential for future flooding. Already coastal cities, including Miami, Florida, have experienced “sunny day flooding” during high tides. Permafrost is also starting to melt, potentially releasing massive amounts of trapped greenhouse gases, which would accelerate climate change.
There has also been an increase in the frequency and severity of heat waves, droughts, wildfires, storms, and floods. Many such events happened over a short period in the summer of 2021. California has been subjected to so many severe climate events recently that its former governor, Jerry Brown, stated that, “Humanity is on a collision course with nature.”
Unfortunately, there are many reasons why prospects for the future are even more frightening, including:
- While all the recent severe climate events have occurred at a time when the global temperature has risen about 1.1 degrees Celsius (about two degrees Fahrenheit) since the start of the industrial revolution, climate experts project that this increase will be at least three degrees Celsius by the end of this century, triggering far worse climate events;
- Climate experts fear that self-reinforcing positive feedback loops (vicious cycles) could result in an irreversible tipping point when climate spins out of control, with catastrophic results;
- Military experts are warning that there will likely be tens of millions of desperate refugees fleeing from severe heat waves, droughts, wildfires, storms, floods, and other climate events, and that this will make instability, terrorism, and war far more likely.
Israel is especially threatened by climate change. The Middle East is becoming hotter and drier than most areas, increasing the potential for future violence. Also, the coastal plain where most of Israel’s population and infrastructure are located could be inundated by a rising Mediterranean Sea.
Because of the above factors, averting a climate catastrophe must become a central focus for civilization today. Every aspect of life should be considered in terms of reducing “carbon footprints.” Among the many positive steps are shifting away from fossil fuels to solar, wind, and other renewable forms of energy, reducing the consumption of meat and other animal products, designing more efficient cars, lightbulbs, and other items, improving public transportation, recycling, and composting.
Despite these very alarming facts, the Republican Party largely denies climate change, They still support former president Donald Trump, who is not only in denial, but appointed other climate deniers to key environmental positions and did everything possible to repeal or weaken legislation designed to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
Trump has called climate change “mystical,” “nonexistent,” and “an expensive hoax.” He stated that it was “created by and for the Chinese in order to make US manufacturing non-competitive.” He pulled out of the 2015 Paris climate agreement that was signed by the leaders of the 195 nations attending, most of whom pledged to sharply reduce greenhouse gas emissions, saying “the badly flawed Paris Climate Agreement protects polluters, hurts Americans, and costs a fortune.”
Despite this, polls in May 2022 show him to have the most support from Republicans to run for president in 2024. In addition, Republican members of Congress have been united in efforts to block Democrats’ proposed legislation to combat climate threats.
Democrats are well positioned to benefit politically by acknowledging and responding to the dangers of climate change. They should take every opportunity to stress the urgency of climate threats and the general Republican denial.
At debates and other occasions, they should ask their Republican opponent if they agree with Trump’s climate change views or those of the overwhelming majority of climate experts, forcing them to make a difficult choice.
Since young voters will be most affected by climate change and are generally the most concerned, special efforts should be made to raise the issues with them. This should increase the historically low turnout rate for young voters.
If the coming months are anything like they have been in recent years, there will likely be many severe climate events, giving Democratic candidates many opportunities to raise the climate issue.
Special efforts should be made to raise the issue in western states that have been hit very hard in recent years by long-term drought and by widespread wildfires, and also in Gulf states that have suffered significantly from severe hurricanes.
Since climate scientists have become frustrated that not enough is being done to address the climate crisis, they should be encouraged to speak out and to urge voters to support candidates that are working to reduce the threats, while not necessarily endorsing specific candidates.
In all these efforts, the messages should be stressed that, if we want a decent, habitable, environmentally sustainable world for future generations, it is urgent that climate change be effectively addressed and if we don’t avert a climate catastrophe, other issues will become insignificant.
Success is essential because there is no Planet B.