Barack Mandela
Attorney, Veteran, and Philosopher

African American Spirituality vs. Jewish Therapy

This is the fifth article in the series “Black and Jewish: Memoir of a Shifting Self which is being published exclusively on the Blogs of the “Times of Israel”.

I am both African American and Jewish, both Israeli and American, and I served in both the Israel Defense Forces and the United States Army. My American-Israeli culture is a multicultural and multi-spiritual “Third Culture” that combines elements of Israeli identity and American identity.

This intensely gripping series was inspired by Rebbeca Walker’s “Black, White & Jewish: Autobiography of a Shifting Self”.

Today, this article describes my transition from African-inspired spirituality and folk religion towards the modern psychology and psychiatry of Jewish therapy.

“Only God Can Heal Our Hearts and Minds”

Barack Obama Mandela was raised with  African American and Christian influences in Long Beach, California.

When I was a boy growing up in East Long Beach, California, my maternal grandmother, Lulluree, would often say, “only God can heal our hearts and minds”. As such, she believed God Almighty was a divine therapist who would help to resolve personal issues and psychological trauma.

If our family had issues to resolve, we sought the assistance and guidance of Pastor Herman Gore Sr. of Christ Second Baptist Church on Martin Luther King Avenue. With spiritual counseling and prayer, Pastor Gore was both spiritual leader and psychological therapist.

In my neighborhood, people were often suspicious of modern psychology and psychiatry. People would whisper:

“Therapists are not for African Americans” and “Psychiatrists are for rich white folk.” “We, African Americans, must turn to God as our therapist.” “The Holy Spirit is the only healing power we need.” “Do your best, and God will do the rest”.

Traditionally, early African American culture was highly suspicious of psychotherapy, modern psychology, and psychiatry which were perceived as tools of oppression, slavery, colonialism, and discrimination against people of color.

Both African and African American traditions believed in “spiritual interpretations” of psychological phenomena such as “demon possession” and “spirit possession” and “afflictions of the spirit”. Some faith-based leaders believe in “casting out demons” and “casting out evil spirits” and good-versus-evil “spiritual warfare”.

“Put on the whole armor of God,” Pastor Gore would preach at our church. “No weapon formed against you shall prosper”, he concluded.

Within recent years, new approaches to “black psychology” has occurred. According to Afrocentric clinical psychologist, Naim Akbar, “African psychology is not a thing, but a place, view, and perspective, a way of observing. It is a perspective that is lodged in the historical primacy of the human view from the land known as Africa.”

African American psychologists and psychiatrists are still developing the modern specialization known as “black psychology”. According to Mental Health America, 13.4% of the population is African American. Over 16% of African Americans reported having a mental illness in the past year. More than 1 in 5 African Americans live in poverty.  There is a powerful, crisis-intense relationship between African Americans and mental health care.

When I was a young, black, Christian, I avoided therapists, psychologists, and psychiatrists, as I believed these institutions were exclusively for “white people” and not for “black people”.  I turned to the Holy Bible and Holy Spirit for my mental health needs.

Judaism, Jewish Therapy, and the Influence of Psychotherapy

After I converted to Orthodox Judaism and moved to West Los Angeles, I met a young Jewish woman named “Rena Rothschild” who is of European Jewish descent.

“You should talk to a psychotherapist because you have many issues you need to resolve,” Rena says to me as I sit in her apartment for Sabbath (Shabbat) dinner.

Since I still did not believe in talk therapy, I was “shocked and shaken” by her suggestion that I enter therapy.

“Since you had a rough upbringing, you should work with a ‘team of mental health professionals’ to help yourself including—therapists, psychiatrists, and clinical social workers,” my friend Rena Rothschild advises me.

As I practiced Judaism in the Beverly Hills community, I was exposed to many Jewish therapists and psychiatrists whom I met in synagogue. Some of these Jewish mental health professionals were professors at local colleges and universities.

Slowly, my view of psychology and psychiatry began to evolve as I became more accepting of seeking help to improve my mental health. In the past, I only turned to the Holy Spirit for help. Now, it was time to begin talk therapy.

After I completely my service n the Israel Defense Forces, I began psychotherapy or talk therapy with the famous, Dr. Shaul Livnay-Weisbrot in Tel Aviv. I also engaged in one-on-one therapy with well-known, Dr. Joseph Prinz in Jerusalem, and Dr. Gregory Katz in Jerusalem.

Sitting and talking to a therapist once a week helped to open up and release my archeopsyche (inner child) and create a new, healthy extereopsyche (inner parent) and a rational, organized neopsyche (inner adult). (These concepts are from Dr. Eric Berne’s book, “Transactional Analysis.”)

I talked to therapists about the challenges of growing up in a racially segregated inner-city ghetto filled with gang members and violent crime.

I also read the book “In Therapy We Trust: America’s Obsession with Self-Fulfillment” by Eva Moskowitz which discusses America’s new focus on psychotherapy and talk therapy. Moreover, the rabbi who oversaw my conversion, Rabbi Abner Weiss, earned advanced degrees in psychology and psychological counseling.

As a convert to the Jewish faith, I also embraced modern psychology and modern psychiatry. I began reading the works of Sigmund Freud, Carl Jung, Eric Berne, Anna Freud, Abraham Maslow, Ivan Pavlov, Carl Rogers, Eckhart Tolle, Ralph Smart (Infinite Waters), B.F. Skinner, and R.D. Laing.

In the Fall of 2020, I was accepted to the private school, Whittier College, as an undergraduate student in psychology. However, I did not attend the school because I could not afford the tuition, housing, books, and nourishment expenses.

My intensely personally spiritual journey has been a tour de force of spiritual inspiration based upon God’s divine revelations. It was Judaism that opened the door to psychology and psychiatry. This journey has also been a psychological journey which introduced me to new tools to strengthen and maintain my mental health, spiritual hygiene, and mental strength.

To quote American poet Ani Difranco’s “The Slant”, my psychological journey is filled with “rhythms that never come clean and strengths that you still haven’t seen”.

This fifth article in the autobiographical series, “Black and Jewish: Memoir of a Shifting Self” describes my evolution from African American folk religion toward an embrace of modern psychology and psychiatry.

The next article in this series will be published exclusively on “The Blogs” of the “Times of Israel”.

About the Author
Licensed Attorney. I earned a Doctor of Law at the University of California, Hastings College of the Law (1997). I earned a Bachelor of Arts from the University of California, Riverside (1994). I was an international student at the University of Costa Rica Faculty of Law (1991-1992) and the Hebrew University of Jerusalem Faculty of Law (Summer 1996). I am a military veteran of the United States Air Force, United States Army, and the Israel Defense Forces (IDF). I am a laureate of the National Defense Service Medal from the Pentagon (2006). I am a financial donor to following: Harvard Law, Yale Law, Stanford Law, Berkeley Law, UC Hastings College of the Law, UC Davis Law, Columbine High School, Choate Rosemary Hall, Phillips Exeter Academy, Sidwell Friends School, Viewpoint School, Beverly Hills High School, Eton College in the United Kingdom, Special Olympics, Children's Defense Fund, Obama Foundation, Clinton Foundation, Barbra Streisand Foundation, Princeton University, Florida A&M, Howard University, Spelman College, Morehouse College, and the British Red Cross. I am former special assistant and staff attorney to Governor Pete Wilson of California. I was public affairs assistant to US Senator Barbara Boxer and Mayor Ehud Olmert of Jerusalem and Jerusalem spokesperson Haggai Elias. I am a member of the John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum, and I am a member of the Republican Jewish Coalition.
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