Nadezhda Dukhovny
Nadezhda Dukhovny

Ancient and Unique Uzbekistan: Tashkent III

Welcome to Uzbekistan! Welcome to Tashkent!

Welcome to Uzbekistan! Welcome to Tashkent!

Posted by Uzbekistan Embassy in Israel on Friday, March 5, 2021

You can walk around Tashkent endlessly, constantly finding here and there, unexplored corners.

For example, have you heard that in 1865, a military fortress was built on the left bank of the Ankhor, not far from the Kaymas Gate? It was possible to get into it, surrounded by a high earthen rampart with fragments of brick walls, through three gates. The main ones, eastern and the most beautiful, have survived to this day and are one of the tourist attractions of the capital.

The Kaymas Gate. This photo is courtesy of the Press Service of the Tashkent Region Tourism and Sports Department.

In the 70s of the last century, on the territory of the former fortress, the Pioneer Park with attractions and a cinema appeared. Walking here, children always climbed the preserved gate.

The building of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Uzbekistan was built on the rampart from the side of Uzbekistan Avenue (now named after Islam Karimov), now the presidential administration works in it. Experts attribute this building to the monuments of Soviet modernism. In the 1960s, beautiful cascades of waterfalls were built next to it, to which access was opened several years ago.

In the nineties, Oqsaroy, the residence of the first president, was built on the territory of the former fortress on the site of the park. Now it is the Scientific and Educational Complex of Islam Karimov, where visitors can see a photographic exposition and paintings dedicated to the first president, stroll through a beautiful garden and photograph the very eastern gate.

By the way, you can approach them from the outside, passing between nine-story buildings overlooking the boulevard, popularly called The Blue Domes.

Looking at the gate, we forget about their military purpose. It is beautiful with its curly brickwork, characteristic of the buildings of “Russian Turkestan”, giving them a fabulous look.

The history of Uzbekistan reads many events: the seizure of lands, bloody feuds, the fall, and the growth of states, but one thing remains unchanged – the memory about the people who became victims of their time.

Museum of Remembrance of the Victims of Repression. This photo is courtesy of the Press Service of the Tashkent Region Tourism and Sports Department.

You can learn about those who will forever remain in the memory of the people in the unique Museum of Remembrance of the Victims of Repression.

The main entrance of the Museum of Remembrance of the Victims of Repression. This photo is courtesy of the Press Service of the Tashkent Region Tourism and Sports Department.

The museum was created in November 2002 to tell the modern generation about the ancestors who called the nation for freedom and became victims of massive political repression during the period of the totalitarian regime.

The park of the Shahidlar Hiyoboni (“Alley of victims”) complex. This photo is courtesy of the Press Service of the Tashkent Region Tourism and Sports Department.

The museum is an adornment of the Shahidlar Hiyoboni (“Alley of victims”) park located in the Yunusabad district of Tashkent.

Shahidlar Hiyoboni memorial complex. This photo is courtesy of the Press Service of the Tashkent Region Tourism and Sports Department.

On one of the central squares of Tashkent, Bunyodkor Square, a monument is erected in memory of the Shamakhmudov family. This monument serves as a reminder that feats are performed by ordinary people in difficult circumstances.

The Shamakhmudov Family memorial monument. This photo is courtesy of the Press Service of the Tashkent Region Tourism and Sports Department.

The monument was unveiled in May 1982 on the square that previously had the symbolic name of Friendship of Nations. The monument is dedicated to the heroic deed of the Shamakhmudov couple, who adopted 15 orphans of various nationalities during the Second World War.

During the years of independence of Uzbekistan, the monument was dismantled and moved several times. So, in April 2008, it moved outside Tashkent, in the spring of 2017 to the capital’s Friendship Park, and only in May 2018, it returned to his original place, Bunyodkor Square.

But, of course, the city remembers not only its difficult times but also honors progress and art.

In the center of the capital of Uzbekistan, there is a museum of modern art – the Tashkent House of Photography. The building itself is an architectural landmark, as it was built in 1934 by the design of famous artists and architects of Uzbekistan. The facade of the museum is decorated with a medieval-style entrance portal with blue tiles. The doors of the building are specially made by Tashkent woodcarving masters.

The main activity of the Tashkent House of Photography is the holding of competitions, exhibitions, seminars, festivals, and other events.

Until now, the administration of the Tashkent House of Photography has successfully organized several exhibitions of Uzbek art in France, Germany, Japan, South Korea, and other countries.

The largest event, organized once every two years, is the Tashkent International Photographic Biennale – “Tashkentale”, which is attended by a large number of photographers from all over the world.

Tashkent has rightfully won the glory of a green city. The Tashkent Botanical Garden named after Academician Rusanov is one of the largest and oldest natural parks in the CIS. Now the botanical garden belongs to the Institute of the gene pool of flora and fauna of the Academy of Sciences of Uzbekistan, previously the Institute of Botany of the Academy of Sciences of Uzbekistan.

Tashkent Botanical Garden. This photo is courtesy of the Press Service of the Tashkent Region Tourism and Sports Department.

The first botanical garden in Uzbekistan was created in 1920. The initiator of the opening of the garden was the Russian scientist F.N.Rusanov, who for many years collected a rare collection of exotic plants. The garden was located at the ancient Ankhor canal on the territory of the park at the residence of the Governor-General of Turkestan and was created to study useful wild plants.

Tashkent Botanical Garden. This photo is courtesy of the Press Service of the Tashkent Region Tourism and Sports Department.

Today, a modern 66-hectare garden is located in a residential area in the north of the capital. The Tashkent Zoo is also located nearby.

The botanical garden is magnificent at any time of the year. Thanks to the unique microclimate of the garden, here you can enjoy the flora of five parts of the world – Central Asia, East Asia, the Far East, Europe, and North America.

Tashkent Botanical Garden. This photo is courtesy of the Press Service of the Tashkent Region Tourism and Sports Department.

The collection of the garden is represented by more than 6,000 species and varieties of plants: 170 conifers, about 800 species of tropical and subtropical plants, as well as more than 2,000 species of perennial grasses.

Artificial reservoirs are located on the territory of the Botanical Garden, and the water from the Akkurgan canal, due to the convenient location of the garden, flows by gravity to the planting of plants. This has a beneficial effect on the conservation and growth of cultivated plants.

Tashkent Botanical Garden. This photo is courtesy of the Press Service of the Tashkent Region Tourism and Sports Department.

For many decades, researchers of the Tashkent Botanical Garden have been conducting research on the introduction of plants into Uzbekistan, as well as the transplantation of native species.

And now new species are being identified here that can be used in households and new species of flora are being developed. Among them, you can find rare and difficult-to-grow species, as well as medicinal and ornamental plants.

Tashkent Botanical Garden. This photo is courtesy of the Press Service of the Tashkent Region Tourism and Sports Department.

In 2018, on the territory of 500 square meters, the Uzbek-Chinese onion garden was created to preserve rare species of the onion family growing in the country, and to study individual species under conditions of introduction.

Tashkent Botanical Garden. This photo is courtesy of the Press Service of the Tashkent Region Tourism and Sports Department.

Starting in 2016, the Institute of the Gene Pool of Plant and Animal World and the Botanical Garden, together with the Institute of Botany in Kunming (China), began work on the creation of a collection of wild-growing onions. Now there are more than 100 species on the plots of the garden, found in the mountainous, foothill, and desert territories of Central Asia, Iran, the Mediterranean, and Turkey.

Tashkent Botanical Garden. This photo is courtesy of the Press Service of the Tashkent Region Tourism and Sports Department.

For landscaping, seedlings of large-leaved linden, Lankaran acacia, tulip tree, Chinese poplar, rare oaks, as well as perennial bulbous plants such as tulip, hyacinth, crocus, and root plants – iris, peonies, and over 90 forms of hybrid hibiscus are grown here.

In the Botanical Garden of Tashkent, there are more than 30 species of exotic birds flying over our capital.

Tashkent Botanical Garden. This photo is courtesy of the Press Service of the Tashkent Region Tourism and Sports Department.

On the territory of the garden, you can take part in various educational excursions, hold photo sessions, video filming, ride a bicycle and rollerblades, as there is a rental service for light vehicles, as well as arrange a picnic or even purchase rare and decorative plant species.

Tashkent Botanical Garden. This photo is courtesy of the Press Service of the Tashkent Region Tourism and Sports Department.

The botanical garden is open to visitors all year round. In the autumn-winter period, the sowing and preparatory season takes place here. Various cultural events are held here in spring and summer.

Tashkent Botanical Garden. This photo is courtesy of the Press Service of the Tashkent Region Tourism and Sports Department.

From year to year, the park administration tries to preserve the true purpose of the park as a place for recreation and scientific research. To this end, it is planned to create a library in the park, where young scientists and students will be able not only to relax against the backdrop of picturesque nature but also to continue scientific research.

Tashkent Botanical Garden. This photo is courtesy of the Press Service of the Tashkent Region Tourism and Sports Department.

In addition to the well-known botanical garden in Tashkent, you can also visit the Japanese garden.

The Japanese garden. This photo is courtesy of the Press Service of the Tashkent Region Tourism and Sports Department.

The Japanese garden is one of the most picturesque, cozy, well-groomed, and beautiful parts of the capital, which is ideal for relaxing in the lap of nature or even organizing a small picnic with your family or friends.

The Japanese garden. This photo is courtesy of the Press Service of the Tashkent Region Tourism and Sports Department.

The construction of such a landscape park was carried out in accordance with the complex system of Japanese garden art, in which the perfect world of earthly nature is displayed in miniature.

The Japanese garden. This photo is courtesy of the Press Service of the Tashkent Region Tourism and Sports Department.

The official opening of the Japanese garden took place in 2001, and even after so many years, the garden is a favorite place for organizing wedding videos and photo sessions, as well as walks for lovers and romantics.

The Japanese garden. This photo is courtesy of the Press Service of the Tashkent Region Tourism and Sports Department.

Also, a visit to the Japanese garden, saturated with refined oriental exoticism and magic, is popular among people looking for solitude and peace, who love to contemplate the splendor of nature, enjoy the silence, as well as for those who just want to take a break from the bustle of the city or dream, remember the pleasant moments of life and tune in to a new positive wave.

The Japanese garden. This photo is courtesy of the Press Service of the Tashkent Region Tourism and Sports Department.

The Japanese garden is imbued with an incredible atmosphere of tranquility. Coolness and freshness reign in the air, the aroma of foliage and grass with a slight outflow of flowers in springtime.

The Japanese garden. This photo is courtesy of the Press Service of the Tashkent Region Tourism and Sports Department.

In every corner of the park, you can see decorations with an artistic idea and flavor of Japanese culture: cozy gazebos, benches and benches, neat rounded wooden bridges, a tea house, granite and wooden lanterns in the Japanese style, compositions of decorated stones of unusual shapes, well-groomed clean winding paths for moving on the territory of the garden, trees, shrubs, flowering herbaceous plants.

The Japanese garden. This photo is courtesy of the Press Service of the Tashkent Region Tourism and Sports Department.

During a walk in the garden, a magnificent view of the reservoir opens up in which swans and ducks swim. Also, in other parts of the territory, you can see swans, storks, ducks, geese, and peacocks, which carelessly walk along with the green lawns and avenues of the garden. Beautiful goldfish swim in small ponds, water lilies, and other unusual plants bloom on the surface.

The Japanese garden. This photo is courtesy of the Press Service of the Tashkent Region Tourism and Sports Department.

Impressions from visiting the Japanese garden remain for a long time, leaving deep inside a sense of harmony, clarity, and something pleasant and attractive, which makes you want to come here again and experience them again.

The Japanese garden. This photo is courtesy of the Press Service of the Tashkent Region Tourism and Sports Department.

The beautiful parks attract nature lovers. If you suddenly want to get acquainted with the history of nature in Uzbekistan, you can always visit the Uzbekistan State Museum of Nature.

The Uzbekistan State Museum of Nature is located in Tashkent and is one of the oldest not only in Uzbekistan but throughout Central Asia. It was opened in 1876 and since then the museum has been replenished with exhibits from the world of animals and plants, including those that lived on the territory of Uzbekistan. At present, the museum’s fund contains more than 400 thousand units of zoological and geological materials.

The museum is divided into four sections, which display exhibitions related to flora and fauna. Perhaps the most unusual and unique exhibits are the remains of mammoths, various animal mutants, their embryos, as well as birds and animals on the verge of complete extinction.

The Uzbekistan State Museum of Nature. This photo is courtesy of the Press Service of the Tashkent Region Tourism and Sports Department.
About the Author
Nadezhda Dukhovny was born and raised in Uzbekistan and made aliya in 2005. She holds an MA in Linguistics from Tel Aviv University and works in translation. She has a true interest about her motherland and would like to tell more about that fascinating country to make Israeli readers familiar with another culture from other part of the globe.
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