Mohammad Zolfaghari

Iran: Over 500 executed since January

In August 21, 2023, security forces in Iran, took the lives of 11 individuals in various prisons across the country. Among these 11 individuals whose right to life was taken away, seven of them were Baluch.

Continuing this state-sponsored murder, in the early hours of Wednesday, August 23, 2023, the government in Iran claimed the lives of three more individuals, again using ropes as the method of execution.

photo : Facebook

Therefore, on September 1, 2023, the number of executions by the Iranian regime surpassed 500.

503 state-sponsored hanging murders in Iran since January 2003
The number of political executions in the Iranian prisons has reached 13. Additionally, one juvenile has been executed. The number of executed women stands at 14, and Iran remains the leading country in the execution of women worldwide. In the previous year, Iran claimed the title of the largest executioner of women in the world by executing at least 16 women in 2022. According to Amnesty International’s report in 2022, a total of 24 women were executed worldwide, with 16 of them being in Iran.

Furthermore, among these cases, Rajaei Shahr Prison in Karaj and Zahedan Prison have the highest number of executions of female prisoners.

Baluch citizens have the highest per capita execution rate
More than 30 percent of all executions in Iran are comprised of Baluch citizens, despite this ethnic minority making up only 5 percent of the total population of Iran. They have the highest per capita execution rate in Iran.

It is noteworthy that most of these executed Baluch individuals do not have accessible photographs, as their relatives do not have internet access to publish their pictures online. The images that are circulated often depict other Baluch citizens living in destitution and experiencing systemic and blatant injustice in Baluchistan. This has allowed the government to carry out the largest number of low-cost executions among these citizens.

It appears that the purpose of these executions is to instill fear in society and prevent protests. The criminal Iranian regime carries out most executions among Baluch citizens, namely individuals accused of drug-related offenses who belong to the most vulnerable segments of society.

About the Author
Mohammad Zolfaghari is a Baha'i News reporter and human rights defender who worked exclusively on Human Rights Violations especially religious minorities in Iran and as a documentary maker with Amnesty International. Lives in Norway.
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