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Josef Avesar

Israel’s Overwhelming Challenges

Before October 7, 2023, Israel experienced internal political struggles related to judicial reforms, resulting in demonstrations and conflicts between different political, ideological, and ethnic groups. In the last 4 years Israel had 5 Knesset elections with five different governments, but they were unable to pass budgets due to disagreements, particularly between Orthodox and non-Orthodox Jews. The issue of Jewish settlements and the allocation of resources for their defense further divided Israeli society. Additionally, the prime minister is facing a corruption trial.

Since the surprise attack by Hamas on October 7, 2023, Israel has suffered significant casualties and extensive damage to homes, infrastructure, and military installations. According to the Israeli Institute for Democracy over 330,0000 were forced out of their homes. Most are unable or unwilling to return.

Israel has deployed a large military force with the stated goal of destroying Hamas. This has resulted in significant human and property loss. According to Israel’s treasury office estimate the cost of the war is 10 billion Israeli Shekels per week. On October 12, 2023, the Israeli Air Force published that it dropped 6000 bombs weighing 4000 tons on Gaza before it stopped reporting. These numbers are being compared to the magnitude of bombs dropped on all of Europe during World War 2. Currently, Hamas is holding over 140 hostages, and Israel has promised to free them but was unable to do so thus far. The persistent bombing of Gaza by Israel has led to the deaths of over 15,000 Gazans and the destruction of homes, buildings, hospitals, schools, and infrastructure, making the area uninhabitable. Gaza City has mostly been evacuated and over 1.5 million people have become refugees with vague prospects of ever returning home. Israeli cities have been constantly bombarded, causing death, destruction, and fear among their civilian population. Israel is currently involved in conflicts with Palestinians in Gaza and the West Bank, Hezbollah in Lebanon, Houthi rebels in Yemen, and Syria while maintaining a cold war with Iran.

In the West Bank, Israel continues to occupy the territory with ongoing conflicts and violence between Israeli settlers and Palestinians. The violence between them is increasing, with Israeli soldiers supporting the settlers against the Palestinians.

These events have taken place under the leadership of the most right-wing government in Israel’s history. Can this government solve the problems it has been unable to prevent?

• Rebuilding Gaza.
• Withdrawing its troops from Gaza.
• Deciding on the future political structure of Gaza.
• Deciding on the future of the area between Israel and Gaza.
• Deciding on what to do with the wall/fence which was built with billions of dollars.
• Deciding how to eradicate Hamas.
• Deciding on the rebuilding the homes and infrastructure in Southern Israel.
• Giving assurances to the Israeli citizens who are reluctant to return to Southern and Northern Israel.
• Resolve the internal political issues relating to judicial reforms.
• Resolve its internal investigation for its intelligence and security failure.
• End the war in Gaza.
• Prevent escalation with Hezbollah, Syria, Iran, and the Houthis in Yemen.

Israel has encountered a multitude of complex issues since October 7th, 2023. The Jewish state’s limited vision and lack of political or constitutional depth make it unlikely to effectively address these challenges. Many of these issues are geopolitical in nature and cannot be resolved solely through financial means. Israel will not be able to harness much help from the Palestinian governments because there is no legitimate Palestinian government which has the power to rule. For that matter the Israeli government is of questionable legitimacy as it controls over five million Palestinians who never voted for it and who live under Israeli occupation. The region of Israel Palestine lacks any legitimate authority to assert stability and security.

Given the circumstances, a potential solution could be the establishment of a common federal government based on mutual consensus of the Israeli and Palestinian people. The Israeli-Palestinian Confederation (IPC) proposes a broader foundation and mechanism for peace, centered around a common constitutional democracy that operates independently from the Israeli and Palestinian governments. A common federal government could be the only entity that both Palestinians and Israelis would trust. The IPC advocates for Israelis and Palestinians to coexist in a democratic, equal, and open society, promoting mutual respect, freedom of expression, and freedom of religion. It acknowledges the historical connection of both peoples to the land of Israel and Palestine as an integral part of their identities that must be respected. The IPC believes that the legitimate needs of both Israelis and Palestinians can be addressed and safeguarded through the constitution published on www.ipconfederation.org

About the Author
Josef Avesar is founder of the Israeli Palestinian Confederation, which advocates for a mutual third government for Israelis and Palestinians. An American-Israeli of Iraqi background, he practices law in the U.S., but travels frequently to Israel and Palestine.
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