There are three major problems in the two genealogy accounts in Matthew and Luke, which are as follows:
- Matthew purposefully omitted four Kings from the name list, specifically: Ahaziah, Jehoash, Amaziah and Jehoiakim;
- There are three sets of 14 generations in Matthew’s account, but one generation was evidently missing from the last set;
- According to Torah (Gen 11:12), Arphaxad is the father of Shelah, but an additional name by Cainan was inserted by Luke which effectively added one generation into the list (Luke 3:36).
The obvious question is why, are these scribal errors (as was supposed by many) or intentional design to transmit a secret waiting to be revealed.
Number is the Key
Upon further examination, it becomes obvious that the two genealogy’s were constructed using number 7 as the basis.
Matthew had to painstakingly emphasize number 42 as the total generations from Abraham to Yeshua, even to the extent of skipping four names as mentioned above, regardless of the actual reasons why they were omitted.
Why 42? At the simple level this would make Yeshua’s generation the 62nd from Adam, with Abraham being the 20th generation from the beginning. Number 62 is the mirror image of 26 which is the gematria of YHVH, the hint is to the perfect image of God being the son of God. The 42 generations are further divided into 3 x 14 generations because 14 is the gematria of David דָּוִד, with Mashiach being the son of David.
Similarly, there are exactly 77 generations from Adam to Yeshua in Luke’s genealogy which are 11 x 7 generations.
It seems that both genealogy’s are begging a more in-depth analysis based on the number 7, which we will do in this study.
The six names of the seventh generations according to Matthew are as follows, with their gematria:
The total numerical value of the six names is 923, which is 13 x 71, where 13 is the gematria of one, Echad, and 71 is the sum of YHVH and Adam, i.e. God and Man, as it were. The message is clear, God and Man is one in Mashiach:
|Adam YHVH||יְהוָה אָדָם||71|
Like many concepts in Torah, this is a paradox which is beyond human comprehension.
The Problem with Luke’s Genealogy
There are eleven 7th generation names and all names can be found in the Hebrew Bible except for two.
The first one is Maath in Luke 3:26, which is a post-Babylonian name. Based on Franz Delitzsch’s rendering in his 1877 translation of the New Testament into Hebrew, the name is translated as Mahath מַחַת, which we will use in our gematria study.
The second name is Janna in Luke 3:24, which name Delitzsch rendered as Yannai יָנָי, which was used by King Alexander Yannai (103 BC -76 BC) with an extra Alef יָנָאי, which we will use in our gematria study.
The first question that needs to be asked when analyzing the 77 generations is who will be our first generation to count seven? We have two options based on Luke’s genealogy, either from God or from Adam. After some contemplation, it becomes obvious that Adam must be counted as the first generation, based on the following two reasons:
- When Adam is counted as the first generation, Enoch would become the seventh generation which is a key milestone, for Enoch walked with God and left us with a Book of Enoch in which he prophesied the binding of the fallen angels for judgment after 70 generations, which match Luke’s reckoning with Yeshua as the 70th generation from Enoch.
- By counting from Adam, we will end up with 77 generations less one, paralleling the same “missing” link in the Matthew genealogy, for a reason as will be discussed below.
We can now understand why Luke 3:36 had to insert a generation between Arphaxad and Shelah with Cainan, this was done so that Abraham would be counted as the 21st (3 x 7) generation instead of the 20th generation. If we accept Luke’s account as inspired, then there must be an untold story that justified such addition of Cainan that Torah has chosen to conceal. There is actually a precedence in Torah in that Joseph being the son of Jacob can also be counted as the father to his eleven brothers. This was because his two sons Ephraim and Manasseh were numbered among the twelve tribes of Israel, making Joseph both a father and a son, so that both reckoning’s would be correct.
Solomon and Nathan
Why did Luke follow the line of Nathan instead of Solomon after David, the reason has been well established by the scholars throughout the ages which will not be discussed here, except that I wish to provide a gematria support for this theory.
According to the theory, Joseph the husband of Mary was the descendent of David through Nathan’s line while Mary was the descendent of David through Solomon’s line.
We might as well add another theory that the order can actually be reversed. What I mean is that it does not have to be the same Joseph preceding the generation of Yeshua, for the Scripture is explicit is that the Joseph in Matthew’s account was the son of Jacob whereas the Joseph in Luke’s account was the son of Heli, so there were actually two men bearing the same name Joseph.
This is exactly the approach taken by the Aramaic version of the Matthew which rendered Joseph as the guardian Gavra גברה of Mary, instead of the husband of Mary. Now according to the law, the guardian of a woman prior to the marriage would be her father, it follows the Joseph in Matthew’s account would naturally be her father.
Based on the above, it may be surmised that Matthew’s account was aimed at establishing Yeshua as the son of Solomon through the blood line of Mary, while Luke’s account establishing Yeshua as the son of Nathan through the legal title of Joseph, being the stepfather of Yeshua.
This was necessary in order to circumvent the curse pronounced on יְכָנְיָה Coniah as recorded in Jeremiah 22:30, as commonly accepted by the scholars.
This also provides another reason as to why there was one generation missing in Matthew’s account, for this would not be the case when Mary is counted as the daughter of Joseph. It is rare for woman to be named in the genealogy but not without precedence in the Torah, such as Num 26:46.
Now the gematria to support this theory is most astonishing:
|Joseph son of Nathan||יוֹסֵף בֶּן נָתָן||708|
|Mary daughter of Solomon||מִרְיָם בַּת שְׁלֹמֹה||1067|
Since 1775 is an odd number, it means the mid-point number from 1 to 1775 is 888, which is exactly the spelling out of The Mashiach, as follows:
|spelled out||הה מם שין יוד חית||888|
Can we find a Torah model to support this theory? The answer is yes. This is the genealogy of Terah from whom three family lines diverged: From Abraham came all the fathers, and from Nachor all the mothers, and from Haran, Lot and Ruth, this is well established. The two lines of Abraham and Lot became one by the marriage of Boaz and Ruth in their son Pharez. It is noteworthy that when describing the genealogy of Pharez (Ruth 4:18), the word Toldot תּוֹלְדוֹת is the only spelling in the Hebrew Bible that is complete, i.e. with two vav’s, following the first complete spelling of the generations of the heavens and the earth in Gen 2:4.
Astonishingly, the first two words in Pharez’s generation (Ruth 4:18) has the exact same gematria of 888, while its spelling out has the same gematria of “and a virgin conceived and bare a son”, as follows:
|And this is the genealogy||וְאֵלֶּה תּוֹלְדוֹת||888|
|spelled out||וו אלף למד הה
תו וו למד דלת וו תו
|And the virgin conceived and bare a son||וַתַּהַר, וַתֵּלֶד
There are two variant spellings of Yeshua, one is Yeshua יֵשׁוּעַ, the gematria is 386, and the other is Yehoshua יְהוֹשֻׁעַ, the gematria is 391. In this study we’ll use Yehoshua for Luke, the reason is Yeshua has already been used in Matthew, but more importantly, the use of both names will result in an astonishing gematria, as will be revealed below.
Now the gematria of the eleven 7th names are as follows:
The sum total is 2729, which is not that significant a number, except it is prime, and the specifically the 408th prime number, if 1 is counted as the first prime.
408 is the gematria of the sacrifice to YHVH, as follows:
|Sacrifice to YHVH||קָרְבָּן,לַיהוָה||408|
The parallel is now clear: If Matthew’s account depicted Yeshua as oneness of Man and God, then what Luke came to add is that this oneness can be achieved by the offering of sacrifice to YHVH in general, and with the body of Yeshua in particular.
Unification of the Two Genealogy’s
With Yeshua’s two variant spellings, we have in actuality the gematria of 17 unique names, which in total is:
|Six 7th Names in Matthew||923|
|Eleven 7th Names in Luke||2797|
3720 is an astonishing number in the context of our study.
First of all, we have been studying on the premises that both genealogy’s are structured around number 7, and the Hebrew word for 7 is Sheva שֶׁבַע, the gematria is 372, and 10 times 372 is 3720.
Why 10 times? Well 7 is the perfect number for the spiritual domain (e.g. Shabbat) and 10 is the perfect number for the physical domain (e.g. 10 fingers for actions), hence 7 times 10 symbolizes the perfection of both the spiritual and physical domains.
Bathsheba praised David for confirming Solomon’s throne and said: “Let my lord king David live forever” (1 King 1:31), which effectively established the line of Mashiach, the gematria for this phrase is also 372. Additionally, 372 is the gematria of “son of Jesse” and “Mashiach of David”, as follows:
|Let my lord king David live forever||יְחִי אֲדֹנִי הַמֶּלֶךְ דָּוִד, לְעֹלָם||372|
|Son of Jesse||בֶּן יִשַׁי||372|
|Mashiach of David||מָּשִׁיחַ דָּוִד||372|
Lastly and certainly most astonishingly, 3720 is exactly 5 times 744, which is the gematria of Mashiach Yeshua מָּשִׁיחַ יֵשׁוּעַ, or alternatively the sum of both Mashiach and Yeshua revealed and concealed progressively as follows:
|Yeshua||י יש ישו ישוע
ישוע שוע וע ע
|Mashiach||מ מש משי משיח
משיח שיח חי ח